East Sussex Church Monuments - 1530 to 1830 - Archive of Photographs
by Professor Nigel Llewellyn

(299) WINCHELSEA, St. Thomas

The early 14th-century chancel and side chapels remain; otherwise, later Perpendicular enrichments - VCH (IX 72); Nairn & Pevsner (633-34); for a view of 1784 see Godfrey & Salzman (Pl. 182); John Evelyn reports in his mid 17th-century diary that the church was 'forlorn ruins'; aisle pavements were in bad repair in 1686 and remained so in 1724 (Ford); during the Peninsula War, a barracks was established in the town and considerable repairs carried out in the church, and again in 1850 (Church Guide); the parish had 35 or 40 families in 1724 and a population of 627 in 1801. See Claude Blair, John A Goodall and Philip J Lankester, 'The Winchelsea Tombs Reconsidered' (Church Monuments XV 200 5-30) for a reconsideration of the fourteenth-century effigies here and comments on the later history of the building relevant to 299A-V.


299A An Anonymous undated ledger

-  Nave floor, West end, partly obscured by pews.

-  76(W) x 60(L)~Very worn.

-  M.I. (engraved) on a sand-coloured freestone slab; head to West.


299B Ledger for William WILLES, d. 1752, his wife Jane, d. 1737, and their son, d. 1729.

-  Nave floor, East of centre.

-  84(W) x 182(L)~Very worn.

-  M.I. (engraved) on a sand-coloured freestone slab; head to West.


299C Floor slab for an anonymous child, d. 1758

-  Nave floor, North of centre, towards East end.

-  40(W) x 38(H)~Very worn.

-  M.I. (engraved) on a small irregular grey stone; head to South.


299D Ledger for Sara JORDEN, d. 1633/4

-  Nave floor, centre, close to sanctuary rail, North of 299E.

-  47(W) x 90(L)~Worn, cracked, repaired.

-  M.I. (6 lines, engraved) on upper 50% of a black slab; head to West.

-  Sarah Jorden, d. 18 Feb 1633/4, aet 7; eldest daughter of William and Ann Jorden, of Edimure, Sussex.


299E Floor slab and brasses for Margaret JORDEN, d. 1636

-  Nave floor (slab), centre, close to sanctuary rail, South of 299D; Sanctuary (brasses), North wall, at head height.

-  Stone: 89(W) x 169(L)~Very worn.Brasses: 31(W) x 48(H)~Fine.

-  M.I. in sanctuary - inaccessible.


299F Mural monument for Margaret GODFREY, d. 1611

-  South aisle, East wall, at head height, obscured by later altar.

-  110(W) x 130(H)~Poor; local losses (heraldry, etc.).

-  In coloured alabasters and marbles; M.I. (engraved) on a slate panel; moulded frame; flanking pilasters with ribbon-work and strap-work & mottos over (left): 'CORDE FIXAM'; (right): 'DEO PATR. ...'; below, base mouldings; at foot, decorated apron.


299G Grave marker or ledger for Thomas CRUTTENDEN, undated

-  South aisle floor, East end, at North end of series (299G-K) mostly obscured by carpeting.

-  Inaccessible~Worn.

-  Remains of a M.I. engraved in a freestone slab.

-  Thomas, son of Thomas Cruttenden, Gent.


299H Grave marker or ledger for Catherine CRUTTENDEN, undated

-  South aisle floor, East end, to North of centre of the series 299G-K, obscured by carpeting.

-  Inaccessible~Worn.

-  Remains of a M.I. in a freestone slab.

-  Catherine Cruttenden, wife, of Thomas Cruttenden, Gent.


299I Grave marker or ledger for Thomas CRUTTENDEN, d. 1735

-  South aisle floor, East end, in centre of series 299G-K, obscured by carpeting.

-  Inaccessible~Worn.

-  Remains of a M.I. on a freestone slab.

-  Thomas Cruttenden, son of Thomas, d. 1735.


299J Floor for Catherine CRUTTENDEN, undated

-  South aisle floor, East end, to South of centre of series 299G-K, obscured by carpeting.

-  Inaccessible~Worn.

-  Remains of M.I. on a freestone slab.

-  Catherine Cruttenden, daughter of Thomas Cruttenden, Gent., d. 4 Jan ????


299K Floor for John CRUTTENDEN, undated

-  South aisle floor, East end, at South end of series 299G-K, obscured by carpeting.

-  Inaccessible~Worn.

-  Remains of M.I. on freestone slab.

-  John Cruttenden, son of Thomas Cruttenden, Gent., d. 6 May.


299L Mural monument for John STEWART, d. 1780

-  South aisle wall, East of centre, high.

-  c.90(W); (H) inaccessible~Fine; water damage.

-  In grey-veined and white marbles on black baseplate with pointed top; ornamental apron; M.I. (engraved, black) on 50% of tablet; flanking, flat pilasters; entablature and pointed finials; above, a grey baseplate supports an urn in relief on another triangular plate; below, base mouldings and a decorated apron with achievement.

-  John Stewart, Esq., commander of the Mount Stuart, Indiaman, d. 3 Oct 1780, aet 40; fourth son of Charles Stewart, Esq., of Ardsheal, Argyllshire.


299M Ledger for Elizabeth FULLER, d. 1729/30

-  South aisle floor, East of centre.

-  49(W) x 82(L)~Very worn.

-  A skull, then M.I. (7 lines, engraved) fills 75% of surface of a freestone slab; head to West.

-  Elizabeth Fuller, d. 27 Feb 1729/30, aet 16; daughter of Thomas and Judith Fuller.


299N Mural monument for Sophia DYNE, d. 1809

-  South aisle, South wall, West of centre, high.

-  c.85(W); (H) inaccessible~Very good; faded.

-  In white marble on a black baseplate with a curved top and pointed bottom; M.I. (8 lines, engraved, black) on a tablet, set landscape-wise; flanking, fluted pilasters on finial corbels; above, a cornice; at top, a draped sarcophagus; below, a pointed apron.

-  Sophia Dyne, d. 24 Dec 1809, aet 38; daughter of William Dyne, Esq., of Milton, Sittingbourne, Kent, and his wife, Effield.


299O Mural monument for Drake HOLLINGBERY, d. 1821

-  South aisle, West wall, upper tier, South end.

-  Inaccessible~Very good; faded.

-  In white marble on a black baseplate with a pointed top; M.I. on tablet; flanking, fluted pilasters; pointed pediment over with quartered palmettes flanking; curved apron with cherub's head.

-  Rev. Drake Hollingbery, M.A., rector of Winchelsea, chancellor of the Diocese of Chichester for 40 years, d. 31 Dec 1821, aet 79.


299P Mural monument for Elizabeth HOLLINGBERY, d. 1826

-  South aisle, West wall, upper tier, centre.

-  Inaccessible~Very good; faded.

-  Description - as for 2990.

-  Elizabeth Hollingbery, d. 28 Aug 1826, aet 70; widow of Drake Hollingbery.


299Q Mural monument children of Drake and Elizabeth HOLLINGBERY, d. 1843 and 1844

-  South aisle, West wall, upper tier, North end.

-  Inaccessible~Very good; faded.

-  Description - as for 299O.

-  Ann Hollingbery, d. 21 Nov 1843, aet 62; John Hollingbery, d. 21 Mar 1844, aet 63; children of Drake and Elizabeth Hollingbery.


299R Mural monument for Richard and Mary DENNE, d. 1819 and d. 1827

-  South aisle, West wall, middle tier, South end.

-  Inaccessible~Fine; faded.

-  A black baseplate with a pointed top and curved base; on a plinth, a M.I. (engraved) on a white marble sarcophagus with wave fluting; block corbels; another M.I. (engraved, black) on a rectangular tablet; separate escutcheon; signed (baseplate lower right): 'S. MANNING ...'.

-  Richard Denne, Esq., of Winchelsea, d. 25 Jan 1819, aet 68; his wife, Mary Denne, d. 15 Jul 1827, aet 65; issue - William John Denne, d. 31 May 1855, aet 65; eldest daughter, Anna Maria Denne, d. 16 Apr 1862, aet 76.


299S Mural monument for Richard Greenland DENNE, d. 1839 and Mary Jane NEWMAN, d. 1834, and her husband

-  South aisle, West wall, middle tier, South of centre.

-  Inaccessible~Fine; faded.

-  Black baseplate with curved top; M.I. on white marble tablet; flanking, inverted torches; above, an urn flanked by quartered palmettes; below, scroll brackets and bristly foliage; unsigned; no arms.

-  Richard Greenland Denne, barrister, Inner Temple, London, d. 5 Dec 1839, aet 44, youngest son of Richard and Mary Denne; Mary Jane Newman, d. 28 Jul 1834, aet 42, youngest daughter of Richard and Mary Denne and wife of Sir Robert William Newman, Bart., M.P., d. 24 Jan 1848, aet 72.


299T Mural monument for sons of Nathaniel DAWES, d. 1780-1804

-  South aisle, West wall, middle tier, North of centre.

-  Inaccessible~Fine; faded; rust spots.

-  Oval plaque in white marble on a tiny foot; on an unframed rectangular tablet, set portrait-wise; black baseplate with pointed top; ribbonwork at top.

-  Nathaniel Dawes, Gent. and his wife, Elizabeth Dawes; their issue - Captain Nathaniel Dawes, died at siege of Bangalore, East Indies, 24 Mar 1791, aet 40; Ensign James Dawes, died at Penin-bar-cum in the battle between Hyder Ally and Col. Baillie, 10 Sep 1780, aet 23; Lieutenant Richard Dawes, wounded against French Fleet on 1 Jun 1794, d. 5 Jun 1794, aet 34; Walter Dawes, died at Macassar, Autumn 1804, aet 40.


299U Mural monument for Edwin DAWES, d. 1824, his wife Jane, d. 1820, and also George Dawes, d. 1820.

-  South aisle, West wall, middle tier, North end.

-  Inaccessible~Fine; faded.

-  M.I. on unframed white marble tablet, set portrait-wise; curved apron; black baseplate with pointed top and curved bottom; above, an entablature and ornamental finial with 3 roundels.

-  Jane Dawes, d. 17 May 1820, aet 83; wife of Edwin Dawes, d. 30 Sep 1824, aet 75; also George Dawes, d. 17 Nov 1820, aet 59.


299V Standing monument for Mrs BALDWIN, d. 1798

-  Standing on South aisle floor, South-West corner.

-  Base - 50 x 50; 170(H)~Fine; faded.

-  In white marble; a column topped with an urn.