Bibliography - McIndoe, Sir Archibald Hector
Bibliography Home

born - 4 may 1900, Dunedin, New Zealand
died - 11 April 1960, 84 Albion Gate, London


Sir Archibald McIndoe, C.B.E., M.D., M.Sc. F.R.C.S., F.R.C.S.I.(Hon.), F.A.C.S.(Hon.), published 23 April 1960 in British Medical Journal (1960, vol. 1, no. 1581, article, pp.1280-1281)

Faces from the Fire: The Biography of Sir Archibald McIndoe, by Leonard Mosley, published 1962 (269 pp., London: Wiedenfeld & Nicolson) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries

The Guinea Pig Club: A story of indomitable courage and surgical skill, by Edward Bishop, published 1 January 1973 (125 pp., New English Library, ISBN-10: 0450015440 & ISBN-13: 9780450015441) accessible at: East Sussex Libraries

McIndoe's Army: the injured airmen who faced the world, by Dr. Peter Williams and Ted Harrison, published 1 September 1979 (160 pp., Pelham Books, ISBN-10: 0720711916 & ISBN-13: 9780720711912) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

The story of the Guinea Pig Club, by T. Kean, published 1992 (Lisek Publications, ISBN-10: 095180992X & ISBN-13: 9780951809921) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries

The Guinea Pig Club, by D. R. Andrew, published May 1994 in Aviation Space Environmental Medicine (vol. 65, no. 5, article, pp.428-433)
The "Guinea Pig Club" was formed in 1941 by a group of airmen who had sustained grievous injuries - mostly serious burns of the hands and face - and been treated by a team of plastic surgeons led by a remarkable New Zealander, Archibald McIndoe, at the Queen Victoria Hospital at East Grinstead in England. The most senior "Guinea Pig" was Tom Gleave, a fighter pilot who had been shot down during the Battle of Britain, and who carried out his duties as "Chief Guinea Pig" until his death in June 1993. This paper describes Tom Gleave's arrival at the Queen Victoria Hospital, and the formation and development of The Guinea Pig Club

Scientists and Inventors in West Sussex, Gill, Smail, Mantell, Tapsell, Lyndhurst, Hansom, Pullinger, McIndoe , by Irene Campbell, Martin Hayes and Martin O'Neill, published 1996 (Chichester: West Sussex County Council, ISBN-10: 0862603757 & ISBN-13: 9780862603755) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries

The Reconstruction of Warriors: Archibald Mcindoe, the Royal Air Force and the Guinea Pig Club, by E. R. Mayhew, published 2004 (239 pp. + 16 pp. of plates, London: Greenhill Books, ISBN-10: 1853676101 & ISBN-13: 9781853676109) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries
The history of the Guinea Pig Club, the band of airmen who were seriously burned in aeroplane fires, is a truly inspiring, spine-tingling tale. Plastic surgery was in its infancy before the Second World War. The most rudimentary techniques were only known to a few surgeons worldwide. The Allies were tremendously fortunate in having the maverick surgeon Archibald McIndoe nicknamed the Boss or the Maestro operating at a small hospital in East Grinstead in the south of England. McIndoe constructed a medical infrastructure from scratch. After arguing with his superiors, he set up a revolutionary new treatment regime. Uniquely concerned with the social environment, or holistic care , McIndoe also enlisted the help of the local civilian population. He rightly secured his group of patients dubbed the Guinea Pig Club an honoured place in society as heroes of Britain s war. For the first time official records have been used to explain fully how and why this remarkable relationship developed between the Guinea Pig Club, the RAF and the Home Front. First-person recollections bring to life the heroism of the airmen with incredible clarity.

The Reconstruction of Warriors: Archibald Mcindoe, the Royal Air Force and the Guinea Pig Club, by E. R. Mayhew, published 2010 (256 pp, Barnsley: Frontline, ISBN-10: 1848325843 & ISBN-13: 9781848325845) accessible at: East Sussex Libraries
The 'Guinea Pig Club' were a small band of Allied air heroes who had survived mid-air fires but had been left with horrific burns and injuries. This book chronicles the efforts of plastic surgeon Archibald McIndoe to treat these men and rehabilitate them into society as recognized war heroes.

"The Maestro": a pioneering plastic surgeon - Sir Archibald McIndoe and his innovating work on patients with burn injury during World War II., by Menedimos Geomelas, Mojtaba Ghods, Andrej Ring and Christian Ottoman, published May 2011 in Journal of Burn Care & Research (vol. 32, issue. 3, article, pp.363-368)   View Online
This article describes McIndoe's revolutionary methods of burn treatment and rehabilitation of patients with burn injury and outlines his personality traits that made him one of the most important plastic surgeons of the twentieth century. As a consultant plastic surgeon to the Royal Air Force, he set up a plastic surgery unit in the Queen Victoria Hospital in East Grinstead. By using biographical data and photography, McIndoe's work on burns treatment and the challenges he faced are presented. Before World War II, little was known about the treatment of severe burns and their complications, and even less was done about the rehabilitation and social reintegration of patients with burn injury. McIndoe changed all that by developing new techniques for the management and reconstruction of burn injuries. He helped his patients become and get accepted as a normal part of society again. The patients with burn injury treated by him formed the Guinea Pig Club. Sir Archibald Hector McIndoe, a charismatic plastic surgeon with an uncanny instinctive knowledge of psychology, recognized early that the rehabilitation of a burned patient was as important as the reconstruction of his physical body. His therapeutic approach to patients with burn injury was mental and physical.

Reconstructing Faces: The Art and Wartime Surgery of Gillies, Pickerill, McIndoe and Mowlem, by Murray C. Meikle, published 1 January 2013 (264 pp., Dunedin: Otago University Press, ISBN-10: 1877578398 & ISBN-13: 9781877578397)
The two world wars played an important role in the evolution of plastic and maxillofacial surgery in the first half of the 20th century. This book is about four of the key figures involved. Sir Harold Gillies and Sir Archibald McIndoe were born in Dunedin; McIndoe and Rainsford Mowlem studied medicine at the University of Otago Medical School, and Henry Pickerill was foundation Dean of the University of Otago Dental School.

Sir Archibald Hector McIndoe (1900-1960) and the Guinea Pig Club: The development of reconstructive surgery and rehabilitation in the Second World War (1939-1945) , by Alexandra F. Macnamara and Neil H. Metcalfe, published November 2014 in The Journal of Medical Biography (vol. 22, no. 4, article, pp.224-228)   View Online
This article discusses the work of pioneering surgeon Sir Archibald McIndoe and particularly his reconstructive surgery and patient-centred approach during the Second World War. It also covers how this affected the lives of his patients and the subsequent formation of the Guinea Pig Club.