Bibliography - Industry and work: Trade
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Extracts from the Diary of a Sussex Tradesman, a Hundred Years Ago, by R. W. Blencowe, M.A. and M. A. Lower, M.A., F.S.A., published 1859 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 11, article, pp.179-220) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2096] & The Keep [LIB/500230] & S.A.S. library   View Online

Statistical History of the Iron Trade of England and Wales, 1717-1750, by E. Wyndham Hulme, B.A. (read at the Iron and Steel Institute, Westminster, Nov. 21st, 1928), published 1928 in Newcomen: The International Society for the History of Engineering and Technology (vol. 9, issue 1, article, pp.12-35)   View Online

Timber Exports from the Weald during the Fourteenth Century, by R. A. Pelham, B.A., published 1928 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 69, article, pp.170-182) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2154] & The Keep [LIB/500287] & S.A.S. library

The Foreign Trade of Sussex, 1300-1350, by R. A. Pelham, published 1929 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 70, article, pp.93-118) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2155] & The Keep [LIB/500359] & S.A.S. library

Diary of a Lewes Tradesman, 1832-1876, Charles Wille, by Robert Morris, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 10, article, pp.684-691; no. 11, pp.755-765) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500140]

Forgotten Trades Extant, by Frank Watts, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 12, article, p.878) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500140]

Some further aspects of Sussex Trade during the Fourteenth century, by R. A. Pelham, published 1930 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 71, article, pp.171-204) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2156] & The Keep [LIB/500358] & S.A.S. library

English Trade in the Middle Ages, by L. F. Salzman, M.A., F.S.A., published 1931 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press) accessible at: & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries
Review by F. B. S. [F. Bentham Stevens] in Sussex Notes and Queries, August 1931:
This cannot be regarded as in any special sense a Sussex book, but its author, Mr. Salzman, has been so long and so prominently connected with the Sussex Archaeological Society and has rendered such conspicuous service as Honorary Editor of its Collections for more than twenty years, that a short notice will no doubt be welcome to many readers of S.N.Q.
Like Mr Salzman's previous works on English Life in the Middle Ages and English Industries of the Middle Ages, the book is full of interest both for the student and the general reader. It is packed from cover to cover with facts and apt examples, and is scholarly and learned without being in the least dull. No theories are propounded and no arguments are put forward, and it is clear that Mr. Salzman does not write to bolster up any preconceived ideas. But every now and then he permits himself a shrewd dig at some ancient or modern foible or some pretentious dogma.
Sussex sources are naturally quoted here and there. Thus we learn from a footnote on p.193 that in 1343 the rector of St. John-sub-Castro, Lewes, belonged to a gang of robbers. The references to the wool trade and the comparative figures given on p.224 and also on p.307 show that relatively speaking the wool trade of Sussex was not of great importance.
Perhaps most interesting of all to Sussex readers are the details as to the extent of maritime trade in the Middle Ages. Mr. Salzman has unearthed some returns relating to Winchelsea which set out the port dues collected from 1267 to 1272 (see pp.215-6 and 355). During the period ships came to Winchelsea from English ports such as Chichester, Shoreham, Dartmouth, Teignmouth, Yarmouth, and Dunwich; from French ports like Rouen, Harfleur, Dieppe, Treport, Eu, Abbeville, Boulogne and Calais; from Damme, Gravelines the Swyne and Middelburgh in the Low Countries; and even from Ardales, Fuenterrabia and San Sebastian in Spain. It is perhaps not too much to hope that Mr. Salzman will give Sussex readers further extracts from these Winchelsea records.

The Pastoral Custom and Local Wool Trade of Medieval Sussex, 1085-1485, by A. M. Melville, 1932 at University of London (M.A. thesis) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/502108]

LXXXVII. The pastoral custom and local wool trade of mediaeval Sussex, 1085-1485, by A.M. Marion Melville, published 1932 in Historical Research (vol. 10, no. 28, article, pp.38-40)

The Exportation of Wool from Sussex in the Late Thirteenth Century, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., published 1933 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 74, article, pp.131-139) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2159] & The Keep [LIB/500355] & S.A.S. library

Further Evidence of the Methods of Transporting Produce in Medieval Sussex , by R. A. Pelham, published May 1933 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. IV no. 5, article, pp.129-131) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2203][Lib 8222][Lib 8861] & The Keep [LIB/500206] & S.A.S. library

Sussex Wool Ports in the Thirteenth Century. I - Chichester, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph. D., published November 1934 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 4, article, pp.101-103) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

Sussex Wool Ports in the Thirteenth Century. 2 - Shoreham, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph.D., published February 1935 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 5, article, pp.137-141) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

Sussex Wool Ports in the Thirteenth Century. 3 - Seaford, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph.D., published May 1935 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 6, article, pp.166-171) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

The Exportation of Wool from Winchelsea and Pevensey in 1288-9, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph.D., published August 1935 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 7, article, pp.205-206) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

The Wool Trade of Chichester, 1377-1380, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph. D., published August 1937 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. VI no. 7, article, pp.201-204) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 12537][Lib 8863][Lib 8224] & The Keep [LIB/500208] & S.A.S. library

The Geographical Aspects of the Maritime Trade of Kent and Sussex, by J. H. Andrews, 1954 at London School of Economics (Ph.D. thesis)

The Port of Chichester and the Grain Trade 1650-1750, by J. H. Andrews, published 1954 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 92, article, pp.93-105) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2177] & The Keep [LIB/500337] & S.A.S. library

The Trade and Ships of Brighton in the second half of the seventeenth century, by J. H. Andrews, published November 1954 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XIV nos. 3 & 4, article, pp.46-48) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8232][Lib 2213] & The Keep [LIB/500216] & S.A.S. library

The Trade of the Port of Faversham, 1650-1750, by J. H. Andrews, published 1955 in Archaeologia Cantiana (vol. 69, article)

Forestry and the Timber Trade in Sussex, 1560-1640, by Julian Cornwall, M.A., published May 1955 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XIV nos. 5 & 6, article, pp.85-91) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8232][Lib 2213] & The Keep [LIB/500216] & S.A.S. library

Petworth Town and Trades, 1610-1760, Part 1, by G. H. Kenyon, published 1958 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 96, article, pp.9-16) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2181] & The Keep [LIB/500333] & S.A.S. library

Petworth Town and Trades, 1610-1760, Part 2, by G. H. Kenyon, published 1960 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 98, article, pp.71-117) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2183] & The Keep [LIB/500331] & S.A.S. library

Petworth Town and Trades, 1610-1760. Part 3, by G. H. Kenyon, published 1961 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 99, article, pp.102-148) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2184] & The Keep [LIB/500330] & S.A.S. library

Lewes Tradesmen in 1340, by L. F. Salzman, published November 1961 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XV no. 8, note, pp.269-270) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8233] & The Keep [LIB/500217] & S.A.S. library

The Seaboard Trade of Sussex, 1720-1845, by John H. Farrant, published 1976 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 114, article, pp.97-120) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 6476] & The Keep [LIB/500315] & S.A.S. library

Trades People of Westbourne 1845-1938, by Peter Ellacott, published 1981 (Bygone Westbourne, no. 1, 36 pp. & illus., Westbourne Local History Group) accessible at: Westbourne Local History Group

Ice Houses and the Commercial Ice Trade in Brighton, by R. G. Martin, published 1984 in Sussex Industrial History (issue no. 14, article, pp.18-24) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/506525]   Download PDF
Abstract:
In Britain the practice of storing ice in specially constructed chambers was started in the 17th century and continued up to the early 20th century. At first ice was collected exclusively from local ponds and lakes and was placed in the private Ice Houses of large estates where, if properly insulated, it would last the year through. These Ice Houses were usually built partly or wholly below ground, typically with a cylindrical pit of about 3 metres in diameter and 6 metres deep with a domed top. An entrance passage, horizontal or with steps leading down was often used for access and occasionally a Loading shaft through the top. Materials used were usually brick but other local materials such as clunch, sandstone and flint rubble were also used. An Ice House of a much larger character at Petworth House was described in Sussex Industrial History No. 13, (1983), pp. 15 - 21 by the author. The expressions 'Ice Well' and 'Ice House' are synonymous.

Midhurst Today and Tomorrow: The Human Scale, by J-D [ Mrs D.V.F. Johnson-Davies ?], published April 1989 in Midhurst Magazine (Volume 1 Number 3, article, pp.15-18, Spring 1989) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 15967]
Abstract:
Early traders in Midhurst from the 1200s to the 1600s.

Steyning Town and its Trades 1559-1787, by Janet Pennington and Joyce Sleight, published 1992 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 130, article, pp.164-188) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 11918] & The Keep [LIB/500289] & S.A.S. library

The Decline of the Ordnance Trade in the Weald: the Seven Years War and its Aftermath, by Jeremy S. Hodgkinson, published 1996 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 134, article, pp.155-168) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 13390] & The Keep [LIB/500296] & S.A.S. library

Carriers and Coachmasters: Trade and Travel before the Turnpikes, by Dorian Gerhold, published 30 November 2005 (Chichester: Phillimore & Co., ISBN-10: 1860773273 & ISBN-13: 9781860773273)

Trade and Economic Developments, 1450-1550: The Experience of Kent, Surrey and Sussex, by Mavis E. Mate, published 1 February 2006 (270 pp., Boydell Press, ISBN-10: 1843831899 & ISBN-13: 9781843831891) accessible at: East Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
The changes that affected the English economic landscape between 1450 and 1550 are examined here through a close study of three south-eastern counties which provide a rich variety of sources. Mavis Mate pays particular attention to the growing commercialisation of the brewing industry and its impact on women, the expansion of trade with Normandy, Brittany and the Low Countries, and the rise of trade outside the market place. Using material from the lay subsidy rolls of 1524-5, she finds a sharp difference between towns in their distribution of wealth, the size of their alien population and the number of men earning wages of forty shillings. Although the growth of London undoubtedly influenced the areas south of the Thames, its markets were always in competition with local markets and the need to provision Calais. Other changes included the increasing exploitation of woodland to produce fuel, wood and charcoal, and the intensive cultivation of gardens, with the growing of hemp, saffron and all kinds of fruit trees. These developments would not have been possible without changes in the customary land market that allowed gentry, the yeomen, and merchants to buy up former bond-land and build up substantial holdings. As land accumulated in new hands, the former small-holders either disappeared or held their land under different terms. Their standard of living, which had improved in the hundred years after the Black Death, dropped when wages failed to keep pace with prices.

Trades People of Westbourne 1845-1938, by Peter Ellacott and updated by Peter Wilkinson and Peter Barge, published September 2015 (Westbourne Local History Group) accessible at: Westbourne Local History Group
Abstract:
Tradespeople of Westbourne 1845-1938 shows how businesses have come and gone during that time. They range from specialists such as wheelwrights and watch repairers to "all-in-one" shops such as Comber's. In 1895, this latter advertised itself as family grocer, baker, pork butcher, corn and provision merchant, and also offered British wines, patent medicines, Crosse and Blackwell's specialities, tinned meats and fruits, as well as brooms and brushes.
Everyday life in Westbourne over almost a century is cleverly illustrated by the latest publication from the village's local history group.
The book was originally compiled by Peter Ellacott in 1981, with a series of tables showing which traders were operating at any given date. It has now been updated by Peter Wilkinson and Peter Barge, with new indexes of individual trades and more than 300 surnames of those who followed them. There are also new illustrations and photos.