Bibliography - Industry and work: Agriculture
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Farm Husbandry on the South Downs, by W. Belcher, published 1785 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. III, article, pp.133-136, London: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)   View Online

A Tour in Sussex, by Arthur Young, published 1789 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XI, article, pp.170-304, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)   View Online

A few notes taken in Sussex, by Arthur Young, published 1791 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XV, article, pp.427-434, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)   View Online

Gleanings in an excursion to Lewes Fair, by Arthur Young, published 1792 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XVII, article, pp.129-157, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)   View Online

General View of the Agriculture of the County of Sussex, with observations on the means of its improvement. Drawn up for the consideration of the Board of Agriculture and Internal Improvement, by Rev. Arthur Young, published 1793 (100 pp., London: J. Nicholls) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Fuller Lib 66] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Some farming notes in Essex, Kent and Sussex, by Arthur Young, published 1793 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XX, article, pp.220-297, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)   View Online

A Tour of Sussex, by Rev. Arthur Young, published 1794 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XXII, article, pp.200-334, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)

Management of Woodland in Sussex, by Rev. Arthur Young, published 1794 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XXII, article, pp.383-388, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)

A Tour of Sussex, continued, by Rev. Arthur Young, published 1794 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XXII, article, pp.494-587, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)

Lewes Wool Fair, by Arthur Young, published 1795 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XXIII, article, pp.223-224, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)

A visit to Mr. Ellman's farm at Glynd, by Arthur Young, published 1796 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XXV, article, pp.628-633, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)

Farming tour of South and South West England - Sussex, by Arthur Young, published 1797 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XXVIII, article, pp.113-128, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)

The Vale Lands of the Weald of Sussex, by William Marshall, published 1798 in Rural Economy of the Southern Counties (vol. 2, article, pp.92-163)   View Online

The District of Petworth, by William Marshall, published 1798 in Rural Economy of the Southern Counties (vol. 2, article, pp.164-217)   View Online

The Sea Coast of Sussex, by William Marshall, published 1798 in Rural Economy of the Southern Counties (vol. 2, article, pp.218-246)   View Online

The Southern Division of the Chalk Hills, by William Marshall, published 1798 in Rural Economy of the Southern Counties (vol. 2, article, pp.355-383)   View Online

Some notes at Mr. Ellman's farm at Glynd, by Arthur Young, published 1799 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. XXXIII, article, pp.447-454, Bury St Edmunds: published by the editor, Arthur Young, Esq., F.R.S.)

Portraits of Prize Cattle & South Down Sheep, & Proceedings of the Sussex Agricultural Society, by Edmund Scott, published 1800 (booklet) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 5528]

Description of the Southdown sheep, by G. Allfrey, published 1804 in Annals of Agriculture, and Other Useful Arts (vol. 41, article, pp.509-516)

General View of the Agriculture of the County of Sussex drawn up by the Board of Agriculture and internal improvement, edited by Rev. Arthur Young, published 1808 (London: Richard Phillips) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/501536] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries   View Online

A New System of Cultivation, without lime, or dung, or summer fallows, as practised at Knowle Farm, in Sussex, by Alexander Beatson, published 1820 (xv + 163 pp. & iv plates, London: G. & W. Nicol) accessible at: British Library & West Sussex Libraries

A plan for diminishing the poor's rates in agricultural districts: being a brief account of the objects and plans pursued upon "Gravely Estate", in the parish of Lindfield, in Sussex, by John Smith, M.P., and Wm. Allen, for bettering the condition of the agricultural poor, by William Allen, published 1834 (28 pp., London: Longman)   View Online

Agriculture, by John Ellman, published 1835 in The History, Antiquities and Topography of the County of Sussex (vol. 1, chapter I section III, article, pp.24-35) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2396][Lib 3211] & The Keep [LIB/507380][Lib/500087] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

South-Down Shepherds and their Songs at the Sheepshearings, by R. W. Blencowe, published 1849 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 2, article, pp.247-259) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2087] & The Keep [LIB/500221] & S.A.S. library   View Online

Orders of the Privy Council of James I, to the Sheriff and Justices of Sussex, on the too great cheapness of Corn in 1619, and its dearth in 1621, by W. H. Blaauw, published 1850 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 3, article, pp.26-28) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2088] & The Keep [LIB/500222] & S.A.S. library   View Online

Extraordinary statement regarding farmers' wives, by Mark Antony Lower, published 1854 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 7, notes & queries, pp.231-232) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2092] & The Keep [LIB/500226] & S.A.S. library

Report of the Farming of Kent, Surrey and Sussex, by H. Evershed, published 1871 (article) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8940]

The Sussex Herd Book, Vol 1, published June 1879 (Sussex Herd Book Society)
Preview:
Sussex Cattle, became so popular as an early maturing beef breed, and so numerous were the herds that the most progressive breeders felt the time had come to found a Breed Society and to publish a Herd Book.
Thus on 18th November, 1878, a public meeting, was held at The King's Head, Horsham, for the purpose of considering and promoting the future management of the Sussex Herd Book and The Sussex Herd Book Society was formed for promoting the breed of Sussex Cattle.
It was in June 1879, that the first volume of the Herd Book was published, containing entries of Sussex Cattle from 1855 to 1875. It contained the names of breeders and the cattle entered, the pedigrees of the animals and the prizes they had won.

An outbreak of Cow-Pox in Sussex, with remarks on the nature and affinities of the disease, by W. J. Collins, published June 1889 in The Lancet (vol. 133, no. 3432, article, pp.1129-1130)   View Online

A Sussex Shepherd's Gift, by C. T. P. [Charles T. Phillips], published 1892 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 38, notes & queries, p.226) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2123] & The Keep [LIB/500256] & S.A.S. library   View Online

The Corn Supply of the South Coast in British and Roman Times, by Rev. Frederick Henry Arnold, published 1894 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 39, article, pp.154-160) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2124] & The Keep [LIB/500257] & S.A.S. library   View Online

Ancient Cultivations, by R. Blaker, published 1902 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 45, article, pp.198-203) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2130] & The Keep [LIB/500263] & S.A.S. library   View Online

Ancient Agriculture and its Survivals, by W. Heneage Legge, published October 1905 in The Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist (new series, vol. XI, article, pp.217-227, London: Bemrose & Sons Ltd.)   View Online

The Victoria History of the County of Sussex, edited by William Page, F.S.A., published 1907 (vol. 2: Ecclesiastical, Maritime, Social and Economic History, Population 1801-1901, Industries, Agriculture, Forestry, Architecture, Schools and Sport, xv + 481 pp. (facsimile edition published 1973), London: Victoria County History, ISBN-10: 0712905863 & ISBN-13: 9780712905862) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2399][Lib 9097] & The Keep [LIB/500090][Lib/504899] & R.I.B.A. Library & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries   View Online

An Eighteenth Century Farmer's Book, by The Editor, published 1909 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 52, notes & queries, pp.188-189) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2137] & The Keep [LIB/500270] & S.A.S. library   View Online

Neolithic Dew-ponds and Cattle-ways by A. J. and G. Hubbard, by Hugh R. P. Wyatt, published 1909 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 52, notes & queries, pp.193-194) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2137] & The Keep [LIB/500270] & S.A.S. library   View Online

A report on the agriculture and soils of Kent, Surrey, and Sussex, by Sir Daniel Hall and Sir Edward John Russell, published 1911 (v + 206 pp., London: H.M.S.O.) accessible at: East Sussex Libraries

On a Series of Rolls of the Manor of Wiston. I - the Agriculture of the Fourteenth Century, by Percy S. Godman, published 1911 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 54, article, pp.130-145) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2139] & The Keep [LIB/500272] & S.A.S. library   View Online

Harvest records at Chilgrove, Sussex, 1769-1910, by S.C. Russell, published 1921 in Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society (vol. 47, article, pp.57-59)

The Acre Equivalent of the Domesday Hide, by Edwd. Sayers, published 1921 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 62, notes & queries, pp.201-203) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2147] & The Keep [LIB/500280] & S.A.S. library   View Online

Southdown Sheep, edited by E. Walford-Lloyd, published 1924 (Southdown Sheep Society) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 30] & West Sussex Libraries

The Southdown Flock Book Vol 34, published 1925 (Southdown Sheep Society) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10156]

The Southdown Flock Book Vol 35, published 1926 (Southdown Sheep Society) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10157]

Field Ox-Stalls in Sussex, by A. Hadrian Allcroft, M.A., published August 1926 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. I no. 3, article, pp.65-70) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8950] & The Keep [LIB/500203] & S.A.S. library

The Sussex County Agricultural Show. A Record of Forty Year, by S. Thornton Shaw, published 1927 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. I no. 8, article, pp.358-359) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2303][Lib 8326] & The Keep [LIB/500137]

Sheep Washing in Sussex, by E. Walford Lloyd, published 1927 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. I no. 8, article, pp.372-374) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2303][Lib 8326] & The Keep [LIB/500137]

The Southdown Sheep: Our County Breed, by E. Walford Lloyd, published 1927 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. I no. 10, article, pp.435-438) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2303][Lib 8326] & The Keep [LIB/500137]

The Ox Team in Sussex, by Arthur Beckett, published 1927 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. I no. 11, article, pp.462-469) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2303][Lib 8326] & The Keep [LIB/500137]

"Trix": A Southdown Sheep Dog, by Charles Gendall, published 1927 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. I no. 11, article, pp.493-496) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2303][Lib 8326] & The Keep [LIB/500137]

Sussex Farm Gates and their fittings, by Admiral B. M. Chambers, published 1927 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. I no. 12, article, pp.526-528) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2303][Lib 8326] & The Keep [LIB/500137]

The Southdown Flock Book Vol 37, published 1928 (Southdown Sheep Society) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10158]

A Brief History of Sussex Cattle, by E. Walford Lloyd, published 1928 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. II no. 6, article, pp.258-263) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9327] & The Keep [LIB/500138]

Lavender Growing in Sussex, by A. M. Adams, published 1928 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. II no. 7, article, p.335) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9327] & The Keep [LIB/500138]

A Sussex Industry - A Pedigree Poultry Farm, by S. Thornton Shaw, published 1928 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. II no. 7, article, pp.336-338) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9327] & The Keep [LIB/500138]

The East Sussex Agricultural Institute, by S. Thornton Shaw, published 1928 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. II no. 9, article, pp.411-412) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9327] & The Keep [LIB/500138]

Sheep Shearer's Customs, by A. F. Graves, published February 1928 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. II no. 1, note, pp.24-25) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8951] & The Keep [LIB/500204] & S.A.S. library

Hop Tallies, by K. H. Macderemott, published February 1928 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. II no. 1, note, p.25) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8951] & The Keep [LIB/500204] & S.A.S. library

Brighton Cow Tithe, by F. Bentham Stevens, published November 1928 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. II no. 4, note, p.125) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8951] & The Keep [LIB/500204] & S.A.S. library

Lincolnshire and Sussex Farming, by G. E. Collins, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 3, article, pp.179-185) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500139]

Sussex Pippins, Vines and Figs, by A. R. Horwood, F.L.S., published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 4, article, p.230) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500139]

Old time Sheep Shearing on the Downs, by Maude Robinson, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 6, article, pp.404-406) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500139]

Field-Gate Fastenings, by Admiral B. M. Chambers, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 8, article, pp.543-544) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500140]

Preparing Rams for the Show, by E. Walford-Lloyd, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 9, article, pp.602-603) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500140]

A Woodman's Craft, by Olive Young, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 9, article, pp.605-608) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500140]

Sugar Beet, by A. R. Bellingham, F.R.G.S., published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 9, article, pp.610-611) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500140]

Shepherdesses I Have Known, by J. C. Bristow-Noble, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 9, article, pp.612-614) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500140]

Farm Waggons, by J. Hutchings, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 9, article, pp.617-618) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500140]

Old Sussex Bee-Hives, by Maude Robinson, published 1929 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. III no. 10, article, pp.697-698) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2307] & The Keep [LIB/500140]

Wheatears and Shepherds, by John Dudeney, the Shepherd-Schoolmaster, published 1930 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. IV no. 1, article, pp.26-30) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2308][Lib 2309] & The Keep [LIB/500172]

A Silver Fox Farm, by S. Thorrnton Shaw, published 1930 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. IV no. 8, article, pp.698-700) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2308][Lib 2309] & The Keep [LIB/500173]

The Sussex Hop Field, by H. W. Jevons, published 1930 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. IV no. 9, article, pp.730-732) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2308][Lib 2309] & The Keep [LIB/500173]

"Mr. Dudeney", Shepherd, by Mary McLeod, published 1930 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. IV no. 9, article, pp.753-754) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2308][Lib 2309] & The Keep [LIB/500173]

Sussex Ploughs , by Frederick Harrison, F.S.A., published February 1930 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. III no. 2, article, pp.46-49) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8952][Lib 8221] & The Keep [LIB/500205] & S.A.S. library

The Relation of Hide to Hundred, by Edward Shoosmith, published 1931 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. V no. 5, article, p.351) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2310] & The Keep [LIB/500174]

Farm Life in Old Sussex, by Maude Robinson, published 1931 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. V no. 6, article, pp.410-413) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2310] & The Keep [LIB/500174]

The Story of a Southdown Shepherd, by Arthur Duley, published 1931 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. V no. 7, article, pp.461-465; no. 8, pp.527-530; no. 9, pp.585-587) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2310] & The Keep [LIB/500174]

The Pastoral Custom and Local Wool Trade of Medieval Sussex, 1085-1485, by A. M. Melville, 1932 at University of London (M.A. thesis) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/502108]

LXXXVII. The pastoral custom and local wool trade of mediaeval Sussex, 1085-1485, by A.M. Marion Melville, published 1932 in Historical Research (vol. 10, no. 28, article, pp.38-40)

Early Sussex Horsebreeding, by A. R. Horwood, F.L.S., published 1932 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VI no. 3, article, pp.194-195) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9325] & The Keep [LIB/500175]

Poultry Fattening in East Sussex, by Sydney Thornton Shaw, published 1932 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VI no. 5, article, pp.319-321) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9325] & The Keep [LIB/500175]

Silver Fox Farming Co-operation in Sussex, by S.C.M. Contributor(s), published 1932 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VI no. 7, article, pp.465-467) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9325] & The Keep [LIB/500175]

A Famous Sussex Farmer [John Langmead], by E. Walford-Lloyd, published 1932 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VI no. 10, article, pp.630-633) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9325] & The Keep [LIB/500175]

LXXXVII. The pastoral custom and local wool trade of mediaeval Sussex, 1085-1485, by A. Marion Melville, M.A., published June 1932 in Institute of Historical Research (vol. 10, issue 28, article, pp.38-40)   View Online

The Exportation of Wool from Sussex in the Late Thirteenth Century, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., published 1933 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 74, article, pp.131-139) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2159] & The Keep [LIB/500355] & S.A.S. library

Shepherds of Sussex. Introduction; I - The Lure of the Shepherd's Work and II - A Character Study of Sussex Shepherds, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 1, article, pp.44-48) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. III - The First Shepherds of Sussex & IV - Old References to Shepherds, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 2, article, pp.85-90) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Tobacco Growing in Sussex, by A. E. Kendall, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 2, article, p.130) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. IV - John Dudeney 1782-1852; V - Stephen Blackmore 1833-1920 & VI - Nelson Coppard, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 3, article, pp.198-202) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. VI - Jack Cox; VII - Michael Blann; IX - Tom Rusbridge and X - Walter Wooler, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 4, article, pp.254-259) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. XI - George Humphrey; XII - Charles Trigwell and XIII - George Bailey, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 5, article, pp.314-318) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. XIV - Frank Upton; XV - William Duly; XVI - William Shepherd & XVII - Shepherd Z, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 6, article, pp.390-393) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

The Sugar Beet Industry in Sussex, by late H. T. Webster Worrell, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 6, article, pp.406-407) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. XVIII - Stray Memories & XIX The Shepherd's Hut and Gear, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 7, article, pp.442-449) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. XX - Shepherd's Umbrellas & XXI - Horn Lanterns, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 8, article, pp.525-528) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. XXII - Sheep Crooks; XXIII - Shepherds' clothes; XXIV - Shepherds' Shelters; XXV - Shepherds' Sundials and XXVI - Shepherd's Music , by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 9, article, pp.572-578) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. XXVII - Sheep Bells, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 10, article, pp.663-669) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. XXVIII - Tackle for Sheep Bells, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 11, article, pp.735-738) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

Shepherds of Sussex. XXIX - Shearing, by Barclay Wills, published 1933 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VII no. 12, article, pp.792-797) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2312] & The Keep [LIB/500176]

A Sussex Wagon , by Frederick Harrison, published May 1933 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. IV no. 5, article, p.122) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2203][Lib 8222][Lib 8861] & The Keep [LIB/500206] & S.A.S. library

The Distribution of Wool Merchants in Sussex in 1296 , by R. A. Pelham, M.A., published May 1933 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. IV no. 6, article, pp.161-163) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2203][Lib 8222][Lib 8861] & The Keep [LIB/500206] & S.A.S. library

The Distribution of Sheep in Sussex in the Early Fourteenth Century, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., published 1934 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 75, article, pp.130-137) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2160] & The Keep [LIB/500354] & S.A.S. library

Sheep Marking in Sussex, by Barclay Wills, published 1934 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VIII no. 2, article, p.124) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9329] & The Keep [LIB/500177]

The Shepherd's Companion, by Barclay Wills, published 1934 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VIII no. 5, article, pp.316-318) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9329] & The Keep [LIB/500177]

Some Shepherds and Their Songs, by Barclay Wills, published 1934 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VIII no. 7, article, pp.458-459) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9329] & The Keep [LIB/500178]

Sheep Counting, by Barclay Wills, published 1934 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. VIII no. 9, article, p.541) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9329] & The Keep [LIB/500178]

Sussex Mutton, by Unknown, published February 1934 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 1, note, pp.29-30) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

Sussex Wool Ports in the Thirteenth Century. I - Chichester, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph. D., published November 1934 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 4, article, pp.101-103) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

The Agricultural Geography of the Adur Basin in its Regional Setting, by H. C. K. Henderson, 1935 at University of London (Ph.D. thesis)

Agricultural History in the Hundred of Hartfield, by Ernest Straker, published 1935 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 76, article, pp.172-177) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2161] & The Keep [LIB/500353] & S.A.S. library

Sheep Counting, by James White, published 1935 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. IX no. 5, article, pp.305-307) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9330] & The Keep [LIB/500179]

Little Horses from the North: A Visit to Lady Hope's Shetlands at Bodiam, by H. G. Beddington, published 1935 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. IX no. 6, article, pp.351-353) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9330] & The Keep [LIB/500179]

Sussex Wool Ports in the Thirteenth Century. 2 - Shoreham, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph.D., published February 1935 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 5, article, pp.137-141) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

Officers of the Staple at Chichester, by L. F. Salzman, F.S.A., published May 1935 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 6, article, pp.163-165) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

Sussex Wool Ports in the Thirteenth Century. 3 - Seaford, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph.D., published May 1935 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 6, article, pp.166-171) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

Old Sussex Farm Leases, by Ernest Straker, F.S.A., published August 1935 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 7, article, pp.193-195) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

The Exportation of Wool from Winchelsea and Pevensey in 1288-9, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph.D., published August 1935 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. V no. 7, article, pp.205-206) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2204][Lib 8223][Lib 8862] & The Keep [LIB/500207] & S.A.S. library

An Early British Agricultural Village Site on Highdole Hill, near Telscombe, by G. A. Holleyman, published 1936 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 77, article, pp.202-222) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2162] & The Keep [LIB/500352] & S.A.S. library

A Wheelwright's Bill, by S.N.Q. contributor, published May 1936 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. VI no. 2, note, p.59) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 12537][Lib 8863][Lib 8224] & The Keep [LIB/500208] & S.A.S. library

Sheep prices in 1733, by S.N.Q. contributor, published May 1936 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. VI no. 2, note, p.60) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 12537][Lib 8863][Lib 8224] & The Keep [LIB/500208] & S.A.S. library

Hop Tokens-Kent and Sussex: Overprinted from the Journal of the South-Eastern Agricultural College, by Robert William Harrison Acworth, published 1937 (Wye) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries

Shepherds of Sussex, by Barclay Wills, published 1937 (255 pp., Skeffington & Son Ltd.) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 5854] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

The Agricultural Geography of the Chichester Estates in 1388, by R. A. Pelham, M.A., Ph.D., published 1937 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 78, article, pp.195-210) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2163] & The Keep [LIB/500351] & S.A.S. library

The Farm Labourers' Distress 1830-5, and the "Mobbing Winter" of 1830. 1 - The Causes of the Trouble, by William Albery, published 1937 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. XI no. 1, article, pp.20-25) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2316][Lib 9332] & The Keep [LIB/500182]

The Farm Labourers' Distress 1830-5, and the "Mobbing Winter" of 1830. 2 - The Mob at Brede and Events Elsewhere, by William Albery, published 1937 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. XI no. 2, article, pp.103-109) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2316][Lib 9332] & The Keep [LIB/500182]

The Farm Labourers' Distress 1830-5, and the "Mobbing Winter" of 1830. 3 - Events at Horsham, by William Albery, published 1937 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. XI no. 3, article, pp.166-170) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2316][Lib 9332] & The Keep [LIB/500182]

The Farm Labourers' Distress 1830-5, and the "Mobbing Winter" of 1830. 4 - Wren, the Uckfield Martyr, by William Albery, published 1937 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. XI no. 4, article, pp.242-245) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2316][Lib 9332] & The Keep [LIB/500182]

The Sussex Horse, by M. S. H. [Mary S. Holgate], published November 1937 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. VI no. 8, note, p.249) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 12537][Lib 8863][Lib 8224] & The Keep [LIB/500208] & S.A.S. library

Sheep and Turnips: being the Life and Times of Arthur Young, by Amelia Defries, published 1938 (Methuen & Co Ltd) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 15260]

A Southdown Farm in the 'Sixties', by Maude Robinson, published 1938 (J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 16116] & The Keep [LIB/502118] & West Sussex Libraries
Relates to Saddlescombe Farm in the 1860s and includes photographs.

A Sussex Farmer with an introduction by A. G. Street, by William Wood, published 1938 (223 pp., London: Jonathan Cape) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2881] & The Keep [LIB/502123] & British Library & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Sussex Farms Through Yankee Spectacles, by Maude Robinson, published 1938 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. XII no. 3, article, pp.164-170) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2317] & The Keep [LIB/500183]

The Shepherd's Year, by J. C. Bristow-Noble, published 1938 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. XII no. 4, article, pp.266-268) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2317] & The Keep [LIB/500183]

Sussex Farming in Tudor and Stuart Times, by G. E. Fussell, published 1938 in Sussex County Magazine (vol. XII no. 8, article, pp.506-507) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2317] & The Keep [LIB/500183]

Horse Shoes at Lewes Museum, by Gordon Ward, published May 1938 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. VII no. 2, article, pp.38-43) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 12536][Lib 8864][Lib 2206] & The Keep [LIB/500209] & S.A.S. library

Ox Shoes, by Unknown, published May 1938 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. VII no. 2, note, pp.55-56) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 12536][Lib 8864][Lib 2206] & The Keep [LIB/500209] & S.A.S. library

Sussex nightmare, by Eugene Löhrke and Arline Löhrke, published 1939 in North American Review (vol. 247, no.1, article, pp.27-37)
Experiences of Americans living on a Sussex farm

A Historical Study of the Agriculture of a Part of South-Eastern Sussex from 1780, by H. B. Smith, 1940 at University of London (M.A. thesis)

A Sussex Drenching-Horn, by L. F. S. [L. F. Salzman], published November 1940 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. VIII no. 4, article, p.104) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8865][Lib 2207] & The Keep [LIB/500210] & S.A.S. library

Harvest Expenses in 1286 and 1425, by W. B. [W. Budgen], published May 1941 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. VIII no. 6, note, pp.181-182) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8865][Lib 2207] & The Keep [LIB/500210] & S.A.S. library

The Sussex Herd Book, Vol 57, published 1942 (Sussex Herd Book Society) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10160]

Obituary, published 1943 in Analyst (vol. 68, no. 811, article, pp.297-297)
Reginald F. Wright left college some 45 years ago and went to the Uckfield Agricultural College (one of the pioneer agricultural colleges of the country) as lecturer in chemistry and later became its Principal. 

Live and Dead Stock at Alciston Manor, 1536, by Unknown, published May 1943 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. IX no. 5, article, pp.129-1311) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8227][Lib 2208] & The Keep [LIB/500211] & S.A.S. library

Sussex Cattle, by E. Walford-Lloyd, published 1944 (Sussex Express and County Herald) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries

Celtic Settlements and Agriculture in Central Sussex, by Margaret Coleman, 1944 at University of London (M.A. thesis)

Ancient Horse Shoes , by Henry Taylor, F.R.C.V.S., published August 1945 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. X no. 7, article, pp.145-149) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8228][Lib 2209] & The Keep [LIB/500212] & S.A.S. library

Ancient Horse Shoes , by Henry Taylor, F.R.C.V.S., published November 1945 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. X no. 8, article, pp.181-183) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8228][Lib 2209] & The Keep [LIB/500212] & S.A.S. library

Plough and Pasture, by E. Cecil Curwen, published 1946 (122 pp., London: Cobbett Press) accessible at: East Sussex Libraries
Review by A. E. [Arundell Esdaile] in Sussex Notes and Queries, February 1947:
The South Downs bear so many traces of prehistoric agriculture that it is not for nothing that the acknowledged authority on the subject should be one of our members. But it ranges, if not exactly from China to Peru, at least over all the most ancient human habitations of the world, and over millennia which are indeed by comparison with the period of human life on the globe a watch in the night, yet are long enough.
This vast and fascinating subject, of which the details as discovered are recorded in specialist archaeological and scientific periodicals, Mr. Curwen makes lucid in 120 pages. The steps of advance, and their bearing on present day life, he makes astonishingly clear. As a mere feat of compression and sense of proportion and significance, it is a notable achievement.
Man has eaten bread in the sweat of his brow for possibly no more than ten thousand years. Before that he may have cut wild grain-bearing grasses (Emmer and Einkorn mostly) with flint sickles. But one day, perhaps near the Lake of Galilee, some unused grain was thrown out on to broken ground, where it grew; the next summer it was reaped and the process was deliberately repeated. The step was thus taken which was to lead man to where he stands to-day, when by multiplication and by rape of the good earth he has made many deserts, but has progressively used the abundance of corn which can be exchanged for goods and services to free him to live other lives than that of the cultivator, who merely raises food for himself and his family. In this freedom is the origin of all culture; yet, divorced from the soil, culture withers. Our civilisation (to give it that dignified name) is largely urban and industrial, and food production is industrialised in the sense that it exists .not for home consumption but for trade, to feed urban men in return for urban goods. But in this later stratum of culture appear here and there its predecessors as outcrops, the peasant culture and (more rarely, as the Eskimos) the earliest of all, the food gathering culture.
It was probably in other places than the homes of the first grain-sowers, among nomads, that the principle of breeding domesticated animals, goat, sheep and ox, was first applied; and it was probably long before stock breeding and corn growing were combined, the surplus grain feeding the stock and the stock (especially the oxen, which were found to help the man by drawing his digging stick or plough) by manuring the land. Here, too, primitive tools are still found in use, like outcrops of a buried stratum. Thus the hand quern is still in use in the Shetlands - though in 1814 Sir Walter Scott saw, and later described in his Pirate, the "miserable molendinaries," the numerous vertical rotary water driven mills used there. Mr. Curwen shews how the nature of the plough and the size of the team regulated the shape of the field, oval for the digging stick, short and square for two oxen, to give them a breather at the headland, long for four or eight. And all these types of field may be seen in the lynchet-bounded Downland field or the remains of the open field of the feudal manor.
The tools themselves, sickles, digging-sticks, ards (the earliest plough, surviving in Italy), ploughs, grain rubbers, hand-querns, primitive mills, survive in enough specimens to shew the path which agriculture has taken. To them no doubt will in time be added tractors as objects of archaeological research, though rust will have done on them what time has not done on the flint-headed digging-stick or the flint-sickle with the gloss left on it by the silica in the grasses it cut so long ago.
The remarkable lucidity and interest of this book are much helped by the many plates and figures.

Ol' Jarge, The Story of a Sussex Countryman, by E. Walford-Lloyd, published 1946 (Sussex Express and County Herald) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries
Story Written Around the Memories of an Old Sussex Farm Worker in the Susex Dialect

Pigs in Domesday Book, by Lindsay Fleming, M.A., published May 1946 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XI no. 2, article, pp.32-34) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8229][Lib 2210] & The Keep [LIB/500213] & S.A.S. library

The Civil Defence and Livestock Returns for Sussex in 1801, by G. H. Kenyon, published 1950 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 89, article, pp.57-85) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2174] & The Keep [LIB/500340] & S.A.S. library

Experiments in grinding wheat, by S.N.Q. Contributor, published November 1950 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XIII no. 4, note, p.88) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8231] & The Keep [LIB/500215] & S.A.S. library

Four Centuries of Farming Systems in Sussex, 1500-1900, by G. W. Fussell, published 1952 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 90, article, pp.60-102) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2175] & The Keep [LIB/500339] & S.A.S. library

Livestock Returns for Sussex in 1803, by G. H. Kenyon, published May 1952 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XIII nos. 9 & 10, note, pp.216-217) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8231] & The Keep [LIB/500215] & S.A.S. library

The Agricultural History of Sussex, 1560-1640, by J. C. K. Cornwall, 1953 at University of London (M.A. thesis)

Farming in Sussex 1560-1640, by Julian Cornwall, published 1954 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 92, article, pp.48-92) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2177] & The Keep [LIB/500337] & S.A.S. library

Livestock in Icklesham, 1798 and comparative livestock figures for Sussex and Essex, 1798 and 1801, by G. H. Kenyon, published November 1954 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XIV nos. 3 & 4, article, pp.48-50) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8232][Lib 2213] & The Keep [LIB/500216] & S.A.S. library

A Answer to Poverty in Sussex, 1830-45, by A. C. Todd, published 1956 in Agricultural History Review (vol. 4, no. 1, article, pp.45-51) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/502300]   Download PDF

Agriculture: The Sussex Coastlands, by Sarah Crisp, published 1958 (pamphlet, Brighton: Manpower Services Commission) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10042] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Farming in Sussex in the Middle Ages, by Arthur E. Wilson, published 1959 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 97, article, pp.98-118) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2182] & The Keep [LIB/500332] & S.A.S. library

Agricultural Wages in 1726, by G. D. J. [G. D. Johnston], published November 1959 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XV no. 4, article, pp.109-113) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8233] & The Keep [LIB/500217] & S.A.S. library

A Survey of the Agriculture of Sussex, by R. H. B. Jesse, published 1960 (139 pp., Royal Agricultural Society of England) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 937] & The Keep [LIB/501959] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Agricultural Improvement, 1560-1640, by Julian Cornwall, published 1960 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 98, article, pp.118-132) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2183] & The Keep [LIB/500331] & S.A.S. library

Arable Farming in a Sussex Scarp-Foot Parish during the Late Middle Ages, by Peter Brandon, published 1962 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 100, article, pp.60-72) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 11489] & The Keep [LIB/500329] & S.A.S. library
Parish is Alciston

The Nonae Rolls and Soil Fertility, by E. M. Yates, published November 1962 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XV no. 10, article, pp.325-328) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8233][Lib 2982] & The Keep [LIB/500217] & S.A.S. library

Experiences of an outbreak of infectious laryngotracheitis in a broiler unit in West Sussex, by D.A. Barr, published 1963 in Veterinary Record (vol. 75, article, pp.296-298)

Valuations by John and William Turner [at East Grinstead], by P. F. Wood, published May 1963 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XVI no. 1, note, p.28) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8234] & The Keep [LIB/500218] & S.A.S. library

Old Sussex Wool Weight?, by Maurice Stevenson, published November 1963 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XVI no. 2, note, pp.62-63) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8234] & The Keep [LIB/500218] & S.A.S. library

Amberly Mount. Its Agricultural Story from the Late Bronze Age, by Dr Hugh Benjamin A. Ratcliffe-Densham and Mary Margaret Ratcliffe-Densham, published 1966 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 104, article, pp.6-25) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2189] & The Keep [LIB/500325] & S.A.S. library

A 1st Century Corn Drying Kiln at Uckfield, by C. F. Tebbutt, published May 1968 in Sussex Notes & Queries (vol. XVII no. 1, note, pp.25-26) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8235] & The Keep [LIB/500219] & S.A.S. library

An outbreak of redwater on a farm in Sussex, by J. Donnelly, P. J. Crossman, and M. D. McKendrick, published 1970 in Veterinary Record (vol. 87, no. 23, article, pp.729-729)

Changing attitudes to the employment of women and children on the land between the 1830s and 1870s, with particular reference to the County of Sussex, by E. M. Ainsworth, 1970 at Sussex University (M.A. thesis)

J Vinnicombe & Son Ltd [Littlehampton], 1921-1971: 50 Years of Service to Agriculture, published 1971 (pamphlet, J Vinnicombe & Son Ltd) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 6449]

Demesne Arable Farming in Coastal Sussex during the Later Middle Age, by P. F. Brandon, published 1971 in Agricultural History Review (vol. 19, no. 2, article, pp.113-134)   Download PDF

Agriculture and the Effects of Floods and Weather at Barnhorne, Sussex, during the Late Middle Ages, by Peter Brandon, published 1971 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 109, article, pp.69-93) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 2194] & The Keep [LIB/500320] & S.A.S. library

Late-Medieval Weather in Sussex and Its Agricultural Significance, by P. F. Brandon, published November 1971 in Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers (vol. 54, article, pp.1-17, ISSN: 00202754)   View Online
Abstract:
The references to weather afforded by the compotus rolls of the manors of the Abbey of Battle and other ecclesiastical and lay manors in coastal Sussex between 1340 and 1444 are summarized and the evidence of floods during the same period is considered. The departures of the weather régime from that experienced during this century appear to be small, but significant climatic fluctuations are identifiable. Particularly favourable and adverse seasons and runs of these are enumerated; their agricultural effects are examined in the light of the yield ratios of the principal cereals. The implications of the fluctuations in regions closer to the climatic margins for cereals, particularly in the case of the adverse periods in the early fifteenth century, are noted.

The Sussex Breed of Cattle in the Nineteenth Century, by J. P. Boxall, published 1972 in Agricultural History Review (vol. 20, no. 1, article, pp.17-29)   Download PDF

Cereal Yields on the Sussex Estates of Battle Abbey during the Later Middle Ages, by P. F. Brandon, published August 1972 in The Economic History Review (vol. 25 issue 3, article, pp.403-420)   View Online

Agriculture in the high weald of Sussex and Kent 1850-1953, by B. M. Short, 1973 at University of London (Ph.D. thesis)

Changing farm structure in Surrey and Sussex, by P. Corrigan, 1974 at Sussex University (Doctoral thesis)

Changing Regional Patterns in the Agricultural Geography of West Sussex with Particular Reference to the Period 1939 to 1969. , by A. R. Browne, 1975 at Southampton University (Ph.D. thesis)

A patent elastic steel horse collar, by Lawrence Stevens, published 1975 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 113, note, pp.192-193) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 6177] & The Keep [LIB/500316] & S.A.S. library

Farm Formation in Eighteenth-Century Bishopstone, by Sue Farrant, published 1976 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 114, shorter notice, pp.335-336) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 6476] & The Keep [LIB/500315] & S.A.S. library

The Role of landowners and tenants in changing agricultural practice in the valley of the River Ouse south of Lewes (Sussex) 1780 to 1930 and the consequences for the landscape, by S. Farrant, 1977 at Birkbeck, University of London (Ph.D. thesis) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/502080]
Abstract:
Between 1780 and 1840, estates, farms and methods of husbandry developed which were to persist in the valley unti11 930. By 1840 a pattern of large farms on which sheepcorn husbandry was practised had been established and from that date the agriculture changed only slightly until the 1890s, from when some adaptions were made by 1930. The thesis consists of two parts. In the first part the author discusses the changes that occurred between 1780 and 1840. These resulted in the evolution of both the farms and the system of husbandry. In the second part she seeks to explain why there were few changes in landownership, tenancy and agricultural practice during the fifty years between 1840 and 1890 when the pattern of the supply of cereals and sheep products changed to favour importation. The reactions of owners and farmers from 1890 to 1930 are discussed. Each stage, as the maps show, has spatial significance.

The Rural Economy of Eastern Sussex, 1500-1700, by Colin Brent, published 1978 (pamphlet, 50 pp., Lewes: East Sussex County Council) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 6721] & East Sussex Libraries

Perch and Acre sizes in Medieval Sussex, by Alan E. Nash, published 1978 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 116, article, pp.57-68) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 7197] & The Keep [LIB/500313] & S.A.S. library

Historic Buildings in Eastern Sussex. Vol 2 - Agricultural History, by David Martin and Barbara Martin, published 1980 (Hastings Area Archaeological Papers) accessible at: East Sussex Libraries

The Parliamentary Enclosures of West Sussex, by J. Chapman, published 1980 in Southern History (vol. 2, article, pp.73-91)

Farming of the Eastern South Downs, by Sue Farrant, published March 1980 in Sussex Genealogist and Family Historian (vol. 1 no. 4, article, pp.116-125) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 17603] & The Keep [LIB/501187] & CD SXGS from S.F.H.G.
Preview:
Examines the influence of sheep corn agriculture on land-ownership and farms on the eastern South Downs of Sussex 1780-1920

The Memories and Local History of a Southwater Farmer, by Aubrey Charman, published 1981 (booklet, Southwater: Impala Printing) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 7968] & West Sussex Libraries

Hedge Dating in Ringmer Parish, by E. M. Howard and M. Maloney, published December 1981 in Sussex Archæological Society Newsletter (no. 35, article, p.256, ISSN: 0307-2568) accessible at: S.A.S. library   Download PDF

Historic Buildings in Eastern Sussex. Vol 3 - Old Farm Buildings in Eastern Sussex, 1450-1750, by David Martin and Barbara Martin, published 1982 (172 pp., Hastings Area Archaeological Papers, ISBN-10: 0904124088 & ISBN-13: 9780904124088) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Aspects of the phonology and agricultural terminology of the rural dialects of Surrey, Kent and Sussex , by David John North, 1982 at Leeds University (Ph.D. thesis)

"The Art and Craft of Chicken Cramming": Poultry in the Weald of Sussex, 1850-1950, by Brian Short, published 1982 in Agricultural History Review (vol. 30, no. 1, article, pp.17-30)   Download PDF

Customary Measure and Open Field Strip Size in Sussex, by Alan E. Nash, published 1983 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 121, article, pp.109-118) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8902] & The Keep [LIB/500308] & S.A.S. library

Sussex Shepherds, by B. Harwood, published March 1983 in Sussex Family Historian (vol. 5 no. 5, article, pp.142-143) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9174] & The Keep [LIB/501257] & CD SFH40 from S.F.H.G.
Preview:
A list of shepherds giving dates and birthplaces taken from a book entitled Shepherds of Sussex by Barclay Wills published in 1932.

The Changing Rural Society and Economy of Sussex, 1750-1945, by Brian M. Short, published 1 September 1983 in Sussex Environment Landscape and Society (chapter 8, pp.148-166, Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd., ISBN-10: 0862990459 & ISBN-13: 9780862990459) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8831] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

The use of land in Sussex 1947-1978, by Clare T. Lukehurst, published 1 September 1983 in Sussex Environment Landscape and Society (chapter 8, pp.167-179, Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd., ISBN-10: 0862990459 & ISBN-13: 9780862990459) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8831] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Agricultural Change in Sussex since 1965, by J. A. Binns, D. C. Funnell and N. S. Walford, published 1 September 1983 in Sussex Environment Landscape and Society (pp.180-191, Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd., ISBN-10: 0862990459 & ISBN-13: 9780862990459) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8831] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Sussex Rural Communities: Contemporary Perspectives, by Brian M. Short, published 1 September 1983 in Sussex Environment Landscape and Society (pp.192-207, Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd., ISBN-10: 0862990459 & ISBN-13: 9780862990459) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 8831] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

The Diary of a Farm Apprentice William Carter Swan 1909-1910, edited by Edmund E. Swan, published 1984 (141 pp., Gloucester: Sutton, ISBN-13: 9780862991098) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9105] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

An evaluatory study of the methods used in the reconstruction of historical vegetation and land-use, with reference to part of East Sussex, England. , by B. Moffat, 1984 at London Metropolitan University (Ph.D. thesis)

The Decline of Living-In Servants in the Transition to Capitalist Farming, a Critique of the Sussex Evidence, by Brian Short, published 1984 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 122, article, pp.147-162) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9140] & The Keep [LIB/500309] & S.A.S. library

Sussex Agrarian Historical Records, by B. Harwood, published March 1984 in Sussex Family Historian (vol. 6 no. 1, article, pp.14-19) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9788] & The Keep [LIB/501258] & CD SFH40 from S.F.H.G.

Downland Farming at Upwatham Farm, 1927-1939, by Barbara Laming, published September 1984 in West Sussex History, the Journal of West Sussex Archives Society (no. 29, article, p.1) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 16404/29] & The Keep [LIB/500481]

The size of open field strips: a reinterpretation, by Alan Nash, published 1985 in Agricultural History Review (vol. 33, no. 1, article, pp.32-40)   Download PDF
Sussex was used in the analysis.

Indoor Farm Service in 19th-Century Sussex. Some Criticisms of a Critique. A Rejoinder, by Brian Short, published 1985 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 123, article, pp.225-242) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9514] & The Keep [LIB/500310] & S.A.S. library

The environment of Battle Abbey estates (East Sussex) in medieval times; a re-evaluation using analysis of pollen and sediments, by Brian Moffat, published 1986 in Landscape History (vol. 8, no. 1, article, pp.77-93)

Tuberculosis in East Sussex: I. Outbreaks of Tuberculosis in Cattle Herds (1964-1984) , by J. W. Wilesmith, R. Bode, D. G. Pritchard, F. A. Stuart and P. E. Sayers, published August 1986 in Journal of Hygiene (vol. 97, no. 1, article, pp.1-10)   View Online

Tuberculosis in East Sussex: II. Aspects of Badger Ecology and Surveillance for Tuberculosis in Badger Populations (1976-1984), by J. W. Wilesmith, P. E. Sayers, R. Bode, D. G. Pritchard, F. A. Stuart, J. I. Brewer and G. D. B. Hillman, published August 1986 in Journal of Hygiene (vol. 97, no. 1, article, pp.11-26)   View Online

Tuberculosis in East Sussex: III. Comparison of Post-Mortem and Clinical Methods for the Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Badgers, by D. G. Pritchard, F. A. Stuart, J. W. Wilesmith, C. L. Cheeseman, J. I. Brewer, R. Bode and P. E. Sayers, published August 1986 in Journal of Hygiene (vol. 97, no. 1, article, pp.27-36)   View Online

Tuberculosis in East Sussex: IV. A Systematic Examination of Wild Mammals Other than Badgers for Tuberculosis, by D. G. Pritchard, F. A. Stuart, J. W. Wilesmith, C. L. Cheeseman, J. I. Brewer, R. Bode and P. E. Sayers, published August 1986 in Journal of Hygiene (vol. 97, no. 1, article, pp.37-48)   View Online

A Case Study of Farming with Conservation: Applesham Farm [Lancing], by Peter Brandon, published 1987 (pamphlet) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10494] & West Sussex Libraries

Historic Buildings in Eastern Sussex. Vol 4 - A Selection of Dated Houses in Easteern Sussex, 1450-1750, by David Martin and Barbara Martin, published 1987 (Hastings Area Archaeological Papers)

Wildlife Management on Sussex Farmland, by Andrew Tittensor, published 1987 (pamphlet) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10495] & West Sussex Libraries

Management of Farm Woodlands in Sussex, by Ruth M. Tittensor, published 1987 (pamphlet) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10496] & West Sussex Libraries

Nature Conservation of Sussex Farmland, by Ruth M. Tittensor, published 1987 (pamphlet) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10497] & West Sussex Libraries

Never Despise the Ag Lab, by Stanley Excell, published June 1987 in Sussex Family Historian (vol. 7 no. 5, article, pp.179-180) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10461] & The Keep [LIB/501259] & CD SFH40 from S.F.H.G.

Pity the Ag Lab, by Mrs. Margery Waddams, published September 1987 in Sussex Family Historian (vol. 7 no. 6, article, p.226) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10461] & The Keep [LIB/501259] & CD SFH40 from S.F.H.G.

Agriculture: The Sussex Weald, by Michael Knight, published 1988 (pamphlet, 48 pp., Brighyon: Manpower Services Commission) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 9984] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Sussex Agriculture: An Introduction, by David Robinson and Alan Stephens, published 1988 (pamphlet, 21 leaves, Brighton : University of Sussex for the Manpower Services Commission) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10039] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Recording and Interpreting a Farm Building: Turks Farm Oast, Mayfield, East Sussex, by Gwen Jones and John Bell, published 1988 in The Historic Farm Buildings Group (vol. 2, article, pp.3-14)
Abstract:
Detailed analysis of an 1827 oast on an East Sussex farm

Steam in My Family: Sixty Years of Steam Ploughing and Threshing Contracting in Kent and East Sussex, by John Newton, published 1989 (128 pp., Meresborough Books, ISBN-10: 0948193417 & ISBN-13: 9780948193415)

A Case Study of Farming with Conservation: Apuldram Manor Farm, by Ruth M. Tittensor, published 1989 (pamphlet) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10498] & West Sussex Libraries

Barclay Wills' the Downland Shepherd, edited by Richard Pailthorpe and Shaun Payne, published 1 June 1989 (xxiv + 184 pp., originally published 1927, Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd., ISBN-10: 086299408X & ISBN-13: 9780862994082) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 15728] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
A collection of the best writing of Barclay Wills. Here he perceptively depicts the life of the downland shepherds and describes the Downs through the seasons.

Life at Streel Farm near Billingshurst in 1832, by Sarah Smith (1818-1907), published June 1989 in Sussex Family Historian (vol. 8 no. 6, article, pp.243-245) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 10736] & The Keep [LIB/501260] & CD SFH40 from S.F.H.G.
Preview:
When I kept house for Grandpapa, as a girl, he and I were very happy together. He had retained a great many ideas of his Saxon forefathers . . .
Copied in 1971 from a manuscript in the possession of Mrs. Smiths' grandson Evershed Heron (1892-1983)

Lord Sheffield's Model Farm, Sussex, by Kay Coutin, published 1990 in The Historic Farm Buildings Group (vol. 4, article, pp.3-13) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/502308]
Abstract:
A description of the model farm built in 1808

Brook Farm, Icklesham parish, East Sussex: a case study, by Gwen Jones and John Bell, published 1990 in The Historic Farm Buildings Group (vol. 4, article, pp.42-72) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/502302]
Abstract:
A detailed study of the history of the farm, using unusually complete documentary sources as well as the evidence of surviving buildings, particularily those connected with the growing of hops.

Sheep Stealing near Horsham in 1613, by Lesley & Tony Voice, published January 1990 in West Sussex History, the Journal of West Sussex Archives Society (no. 45, article, p.22) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 16404/45] & The Keep [LIB/500482]

Hop Tokens of Kent and Sussex and their issuers, by Alan C. Henderson, published 1 March 1990 (128 pp., Spink & Son Ltd., ISBN-10: 0907605303 & ISBN-13: 9780907605300) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

The Southdown Sheep, by Valerie Porter, published 1991 (Singleton: The Weald and Downland Open Air Museum, ISBN-13: 9780905259185) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 11164] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
Published on behalf of the Southdown Sheep Society in honour of two centuries of the breed which John Ellman was the first to improve, and to celebrate the Society's Centenary.

Only Yesterday: Len Tuppen's Life as a Shepherd in the 1920's, edited by Susan Rowland, published 1991 (23 pp., published by the editor) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/502301] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

The influence of the agricultural executive committees in the first world war: some evidence from West Sussex, by J. Chapman and S. Seeliger, published 1991 in Southern History (vol. 13, no. 1, article, pp.105-122)

All is Safely Gathered in: Granary Storage on the Wiston Estate, 1350-1900, by Gordon Lawrie, published 1 January 1991 (pamphlet, 36 pp., Chichester: West Sussex County Council, ISBN-10: 0862602181 & ISBN-13: 9780862602185) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 11110] & West Sussex Libraries

Follow the Plough: The Story of Harold Cannings' Life as a Farmworker from 1917 to 1970., edited by Susan Rowland, published 1992 (published by the editor) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/502296] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Small farms in a Sussex Weald parish, 1800-60, by June A. Sheppard, published 1992 in Agricultural History Review (vol. 40, no. 2, article, pp.127-141)   Download PDF
Abstract:
The Sussex Weald is an area where many small farms survived into the nineteenth century, and their fate in Chiddingly parish between 1800 and i860 is explored. They thrived up to 1815; between 1816 and 1842, nearly half were lost, many of the remainder changed from owner- occupancy to tenancy, and a few additional ones appeared on newly-enclosed land; after 1842, changes were few. The timing points to the post-Napoleonic agricultural depression as the fundamental cause of change, mediated by a range of personal and holding characteristics that resulted in varying ability to withstand economic pressure. Changes were greater during this depression, than during those of the early eighteenth and late nineteenth centuries, because the small farmer's cash outgoings, especially in paying his poor rates, frequently exceeded his income.

"Spirited and Intelligent Farmers". The Arthur Youngs and the Board of Agriculture's Reports on Sussex, 1793 and 1808, by John H. Farrant, published 1992 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 130, article, pp.200-212) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 11918] & The Keep [LIB/500289] & S.A.S. library

An Example of Early 19th Century Technology: Bird-in-Eye Oasthouse, Framfield Parish, East Sussex, by Gwen Jones, published 1993 in The Historic Farm Buildings Group (vol. 7, article, pp.20-35)
Abstract:
An examination of John Read's modified kiln, designed to even out the inconsistent temperatures (and therefore inconsistent drying), in contemporary oasts; and a surviving example in Sussex.

Housing the Agricultural Worker in Nineteenth-Century Sussex. A Case Study, by June A. Sheppard, published 1993 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 131, article, pp.185-192) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 12210] & The Keep [LIB/500300] & S.A.S. library

The East Sussex Land Market and Agrarian Class Structure in the Late Middle Ages, by Mavis E. Mate, published May 1993 in Past & Present (no. 139, article, pp.46-55)   View Online

Why did they Call me Archibald? Memories of a West Sussex Countryman , by Richard Pailthorpe and Janet Holt, published 1 November 1993 (40 pp., Weald & Downland Open Air Museum, ISBN-10: 0905259238 & ISBN-13: 9780905259239) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries

The Farm Buildings of the Dukes of Norfolk, Arundel Eastate, West Sussex, by Brian Banister, published 1994 in The Historic Farm Buildings Group (vol. 8, article, pp.34-53)
Abstract:
A consideration of the farm buildings of the Arundel Estate, focussing on the period from the late 18th century to the early 20th.

Cobbett in Rogate, by Cobbett's Rural Rides Volume II, published December 1994 in Midhurst Magazine (Volume 7 Number 2, article, pp.35-38, Winter 1994) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 15968]
Abstract:
Extract from Cobbett's Rural Rides Volume 2 dated November 1825. He has much to say about the low level of farm labourers' wages!

Open fields and their disappearance in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries: the evidence from Sussex, by John Chapman and Sylvia Seeliger, published 1995 in Southern History (vol. 17, article, pp.88-97)

The Harvest Field, by Frances Lord, published July 1995 in Midhurst Magazine (Volume 7 Number 4, article, pp.29-30, Summer 1995) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 15968]
Abstract:
Account of a day's work in the life of a mid Victorian agricultural labourer, as told to the Rev H D Gordon, Rector of Harting. Published in 1877 as a history of the parish.

Damage to Property by Runoff from Agricultural Land, South Downs, Southern England, 1976-93, by John Boardman, published July 1995 in The Geographical Journal (vol. 161, no. 2, article, pp.177-191)   View Online

Sussex and Dorking Fowls, by J. Batty, published 1 June 1996 (112 pp., Beech Publishing House, ISBN-10: 1857361660 & ISBN-13: 9781857361667) accessible at: British Library & West Sussex Libraries

From soldier to peasant ? The land settlement scheme in East Sussex, 1919-1939, by Carol A. Lockwood, published 1998 in Albion (vol. 30, no. 3, article, pp.439-462)

Haven Farm, Furners Green, Danehill, Sussex, by Kay Coutin, published 1999 in The Historic Farm Buildings Group (vol. 13, article, pp.27-32)
Abstract:
Description of an unusually well-preserved 19th century farmstead

The Medieval Rural Economy and Landscape, by Mark Gardiner, published 1 January 1999 in An Historical Atlas of Sussex (pp.38-39, Chichester: Phillimore & Co. Ltd, ISBN-10: 1860771122 & ISBN-13: 9781860771125) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 14026][Lib 18777] & The Keep [LIB/501686][LIB/508903] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Forest, Common Land and Enclosure 1700-1900, by Heather Warne, published 1 January 1999 in An Historical Atlas of Sussex (pp.86-87, Chichester: Phillimore & Co. Ltd, ISBN-10: 1860771122 & ISBN-13: 9781860771125) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 14026][Lib 18777] & The Keep [LIB/501686][LIB/508903] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Agricultural Regions, Improvements and Land Use c.1840, by Brian Short, published 1 January 1999 in An Historical Atlas of Sussex (pp.96-97, Chichester: Phillimore & Co. Ltd, ISBN-10: 1860771122 & ISBN-13: 9781860771125) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 14026][Lib 18777] & The Keep [LIB/501686][LIB/508903] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Sussex Flax Yields in 1784, by A. M. J. Chapman, published March 1999 in Sussex Family Historian (vol. 13 no. 5, article, pp.177-178) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 14880] & The Keep [LIB/508820] & CD SFH40 from S.F.H.G.

Tenant farming and short-term leasing on Romney Marsh, 1585-1705, by Stephen Hipkin, published November 2000 in The Economic History Review (vol. 53 issue 4, article, pp.646-676)   View Online

A Report in 1871 by Herbert Morris of Lewes, by Ken Foord, published December 2000 in Sussex Family Historian (vol. 14 no. 4, article, pp.133-135) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 14881] & The Keep [LIB/508823] & CD SFH40 from S.F.H.G.

The ownership, occupation and use of land on the South Downs, 1840-1940: a methodological analysis of record linkage over time, by John Godfrey and Brian Short, published 2001 in Agricultural History Review (vol. 49, no. 1, article, pp.56-78)   Download PDF
Abstract:
Three major complexes of documents are now available for the study of agriculture from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth centuries. The tithe surveys, already well known, are now joined by the Lloyd George 1910 Valuation Office material, and the National Farm Survey of 1941-3. This paper expl ores the methodological issues arising from the use, and especially the comparison, of the three sources in the context of a case study from the South Downs in Sussex.

A prehistoric and later medieval agricultural landscape at Dean Way, Storrington, by Christine Howard-Davis and Bryan Matthews, published 2002 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 140, article, pp.7-19) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 15109] & The Keep [LIB/500299] & S.A.S. library   View Online
Abstract:
Excavations at Dean Way, Storrington revealed a palimpsest agricultural landscape incorporating elements dating from at least the 1st millennium BC to the 20th century. Evidence of earlier activity, in the form of late Mesolithic microliths and a range of Neolithic flintwork, was found as largely residual material in later contexts. Analysis determined four phases of development on the site. Phase 1 was long-lived, and represents intermittent domestic and agricultural activity over an extended period, possibly from as early as the mid-late Neolithic to the late Bronze Age/early Iron Age. Phase 2, a rectilinear field system and again long-lived, was possibly late Iron Age in origin, but might have been considerably later. Phase 3, parallel field boundaries and tracks, appears to have been of later medieval date and onwards, and Phase 4, plough and topsoils, is relatively recent.

Land ownership and farming on the South Downs in West Sussex circa 1840-1940, by John Godfrey, published 2002 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 140, article, pp.113-123) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 15109] & The Keep [LIB/500299] & S.A.S. library   View Online
Abstract:
An examination of the tithe surveys of the 1840s, the Lloyd George 1910 Valuation Office material and the National Farm Survey of 1941?43 relating to the 100 square miles of the South Downs between the rivers Arun and Adur enables a picture to be built up of the way the land was owned and farmed during a century of rapid agricultural and social change. The study confirms the importance of large landowners in the West Sussex downland and the position of the study area as the natural habitat of the close parish, with land in few hands and the rural population small, deferential and conservative politically. In addition, changes over time and in the fortunes of individual families are discussed, as are changes in the size of holdings and the growth of owner-occupation. Finally, changes in land-use are described, with particular attention being drawn to the changing balance between arable and pasture on farms in the study area, the abandonment of remote farmsteads and the importance of mineral working and forestry. As the Second World War approached, military use also became important.

Landscape Change in the Multi-functional Countryside: a biographical analysis of farmer decision-making in the English High Weald, by I. Bohnet, C. Potter and E. Simmons, published 2003 in Landscape Research the journal of the Landscape Research Group (vol. 28, part 4, article, pp.349-364)   View Online
Abstract:
There is growing recognition that the landscape implications of agricultural restructuring are complex, location specific and subject to various feedback effects. This paper explores how the economic decline of mainstream farming in the English High Weald is redefining the relationship between agriculture and the landscape, encouraging existing farmers to diversify their income base but also creating opportunities for new forms of land occupancy and management in a multi-functional countryside. Through a biographical analysis of a range of different types of land manager, it is illustrated how attitudes to land use and the occupancy of rural land are changing, distinguishing between holdings that are still seen primarily as sites of production by their farming family occupiers and those that are coming to be regarded chiefly as spaces for living by a new category of lifestyle occupier. The implications of this differentiation of the stakeholder community for future landscape management in the United Kingdom and the European Union are explored.

Voices of Kent & East Sussex Hop Pickers, by Hilary Heffernan, published 1 May 2004 (128 pp., The History Press, ISBN-10: 0752432400 & ISBN-13: 9780752432403) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
A history of Kent & East Sussex hop pickers

A fine day In Hurstpierpoint - the diary of Thomas Marchant, 1714-1728, by Anthony Bower, published 16 September 2005 (328 pp., Hurst History Group & printed at Lulu.con, ISBN-10: 1411645669 & ISBN-13: 9781411645660) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 15536] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Yesterday's Farm: Life on the Farm 1830-1960, by Valerie Porter, published 2006 (256 pp., David & Charles, ISBN-10: 0715321846 & ISBN-13: 9780715321843) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 15732] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Agricultural workers in mid nineteenth-century Brighton, by June A. Sheppard, published 2006 in Agricultural History Review (vol. 54, no. 1, article, pp.93-104)   Download PDF
Abstract:
Like many other English towns, Brighton had a number of residents who described themselves as agricultural workers in the 1861 census. This article examines where they were born, when they moved to Brighton, their housing and occupational histories. Most seem likely to have been casual workers on South Downs farms within walking distance of the town.

Frederick Weekes: the diary of a Sussex Farmer, 1837-1852, edited by Anthony Bower and Ian Nelson, published 2007 (137 pp., Hurst History Group, ISBN-10: 0954374630 & ISBN-13: 9780954374631) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
Keen historians of the Victorian age will welcome the publication of a diary written by Sussex farmer Frederick Weekes of Brighton and Hurstpierpoint. His diary written between 1937 and 1852 provides snapshots of rural life as Sussex emerged from the Georgian era to embrace the Victorian age.
Edited for publication by Ian Nelson and Tony Bower of the Hurst History Study Group, Weekes' notes will be of particular interest to genealogists because they include references to many of the tradesmen living in and around Mid Sussex.

Mid to late Holocene vegetation and land use history in the Weald of south-eastern England: multiple pollen profiles from the Rye area, by Martyn P. Waller and J. Edward Schofield, published 2007 in Vegetation History and Archaeobotany (vol. 16, no. 5, article, pp.367-384)

Estate Improvement and the Professionalisation of Land Agents on the Egremont Estates in Sussex and Yorkshire, 1770-1835, by Sarah Webster, published April 2007 in Rural History (vol. 18, issue 1, article, pp.47-69, ISSN: 0956-7933)   View Online
Abstract:
The role of land agents in the management and improvement of English landed estates between 1770 and 1850 is examined in this paper. The focus is on the responsibilities of land agents, their contribution to agricultural improvement, and in particular the validity of a thesis of the professionalisation of agents during this period. The Petworth House archives are used to compare the work of two legal agents at Petworth in Sussex with that of a professional land agency firm in Yorkshire, both employed by the third Earl of Egremont (1751-1837). This study suggests that the role of land agents in agricultural improvement at Petworth was limited to the financial, legal and political aspects of these developments rather than practical management. It proposes that legal agents remained more influential than has been supposed, even on estates renowned for agricultural improvement, and despite contemporary criticism that emphasised the importance of applied agricultural expertise. The belated professionalisation of the Petworth agents and the significant differences in their roles when compared with contemporary and historical accounts suggests that estate management was therefore far more diverse than is suggested in some recent literature.

Hay, hops and harvest: women's work in agriculture in nineteenth-century Sussex, by Nicola Verdon, published 19 April 2007 in Women's Work in Industrial England: Regional and Local Perspectives (edited by Nigel Goose, pp.76-96, Local Population Studies Society, ISBN-10: 0954162110 & ISBN-13: 9780954162115)

Farm Buildings of the Weald 1450-1750, by David Martin and Barbara Martin, published 1 June 2007 (181 pp., King's Lynn: Heritage Marketing & Publications Ltd., ISBN-10: 1905223242 & ISBN-13: 9781905223244) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/502310] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
An ancient timber-framed house with its attendant farm buildings nestling amidst a patchwork of tiny hedge-lined fields makes an idyllic country scene. Such views, once common, are now rare. Few farms remain, and even where they do the traditional working buildings have usually been replaced by modern industrial-style sheds. Although the farmhouses survive, numerous gems of vernacular farm architecture - prominent landscape features in their day - have been lost during the past two or three decades, many without even a photograph to record them. This is a particular tragedy in the case of the High Weald of Sussex which was exceptional for the number of its early surviving farm buildings. This volume is a study of these under-rated buildings, and the culmination of twenty five years of research. The aim is to give a clear overview of how the region's barns and ancillary farm buildings wre designed to meet the needs of local agriculture and to indicate how these needs changed during the 300 years up to the mid-18th century. The text is augmented with an extensive selection of archive photographs, perspective views and architectural drawings, many illustrating buildings which no longer exist.

Mid to late Holocene vegetation and land use history in the Weald of south-eastern England: multiple pollen profiles from the Rye area, by Martyn P. Waller and J. Edward Schofield, published July 2007 in Vegetation history and archaeobotany (vol. 16, no. 5, article, pp.367-384)

Hop Pickers of Kent and Sussex, by Hilary Heffernan, published 11 August 2008 (128 pp., The History Press, ISBN-10: 0752447777 & ISBN-13: 9780752447773) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
The humble hop cone once offered thousands of underprivileged Londoners the annual chance to leave the City's smog in August and September, migrate to the healthier countryside and live happily for six or seven weeks in near squalor, whilst sleeping on straw-filled palliasses crawling with mice, earwigs and spiders and cook their dinners on open fires - even in the pouring rain. Apart from this type of escape there was little opportunity of a break for many city dwellers. When mechanisation took over the holidays stopped, and so did the chance to earn extra money for Christmas and clothes for a growing family. This fascinating collection, compiled from memories of former hop pickers and their families, is Hilary Heffernan's fifth book about the annual hop. It will provide a reflective read to those who were involved in hop picking and those who would like to learn more.

Land & Society in Edwardian Britain, by Brian Short, published 21 August 2008 (400 pp., Cambridge University Press, ISBN-10: 0521021774 & ISBN-13: 9780521021777) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/501952]
Abstract:
This revealing 1997 book in the Cambridge Studies in Historical Geography series presents some of the first researches into a trove of hitherto inaccessible primary source material. A controversial component of Lloyd George's People's Budget of 1909-10 was the 'New Domesday' of landownership and land values. This rich documentation, for long locked away in the Inland Revenue's offices, became available to the public in the late 1970s. For the growing number of scholars of early twentieth century urban and rural Britain, Dr Short offers both a coherent overview and a standard source of reference to this valuable archive. Part I is concerned with the processes of assembling the material and its style of representation; Part II with suggested themes and locality studies. A final chapter places this new material in the context of discourses of state intervention in landed society prior to the Great War.

A GIS-based approach to reconstructing mid-20th century agricultural land use around Lewes, East Sussex , by Katherine Jane Taylor, 2009 at Kingston University (Ph.D. thesis)   View Online
Abstract:
The main objective of this project has been to reconstruct agricultural land use around Lewes, East Sussex between 1931 and 1959. The key aims were to contribute to the debate around theories of productivism and to demonstrate the power of GIS as a tool for historical reconstruction. The data for 1931 included the field sheets and one inch maps from the First Land Utilisation Survey, and significant differences were identified between these two sources. The data for the early 1940s included the maps and forms from the National Farm Survey along with a Luftwaffe aerial photograph. Using these, some farms were reconstructed successfully, although there were issues with the consistency of the data. The remaining datasets were aerial photographs from 1945/7 and 1959 along with the parish summaries of the 4th June agricultural census data. In terms of the productivism debate, a fuller definition of pre-productivism was proposed as a result of examining the 1931 data. The shift towards productivism in this part of East Sussex was considered by looking at the snapshots of land use provided by the different datasets. A clear growth in arable land, an increase in farm size and intensification in terms of livestock farming was identified. Finally the use of GIS allowed the integration of disparate datasets and the mapping of different types of land use in a way that has not previously been attempted for this area.

The Crowlink Story, by Captain Norman Davies, published 2010 (booklet no. 3, East Dean & Friston Local History Group) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/509180] & East Dean & Friston Local History Group
Farming on the Downs in the 1940s by Capt. Davies who began farming at East Dean and Crowlink in 1945, living first at Little Barn and later at Went Acre.

Ray Kemp - One of the Last Ox Boys, by Vida Herbison, published 2010 (booklet no. 8, East Dean & Friston Local History Group) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/509185] & East Dean & Friston Local History Group
An East Dean man remembers working with oxen.

The Duke and the radical: an Edwardian land conflict in Sussex, by John Godfrey and Brian Short, published 2010 in Sussex Archæological Collections (vol. 148, article, pp.225-246) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 18613] & The Keep [LIB/500366] & S.A.S. library   View Online
Abstract:
Between 1908 and 1913 the radical Australian politician R. L. Outhwaite carried out a sustained campaign of criticism of the 15th Duke of Norfolk, as part of a wider attack upon landed wealth by Lloyd George and some other Liberal MPs and their supporters. Papers preserved in the Arundel Castle Archives, together with a wide range of other contemporary sources, make it possible to trace the chronology and rationale of Outhwaite's attack, together with the defence, which was mounted primarily by Edward Mostyn, the duke's loyal and influential Arundel agent. The national context of this acrimonious debate between these three men is traced, and the local society and economy of the Arundel estate in the years before the Great War are also analysed.

General View of the Agriculture of the County of Sussex, with observations on the means of its improvement. Drawn up for the consideration of the Board of Agriculture and Internal Improvement, by Rev. Arthur Young, published 24 February 2010 (reproduction of the 1793 edition, 552 pages, Nabu Press) accessible at: W.S.R.O. [Lib 53] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries

Biodynamics in Practice: Life on a Community Owned Farm - Impressions of Tablehurst and Plawhatch, Sussex, England, by Tom Petherick with illustrations by Will Heap, published 19 November 2010 (131 pp., Forest Row: Rudolf Steiner Press, ISBN-10: 1855842505 & ISBN-13: 9781855842502) accessible at: British Library & West Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
Biodynamics seeks the holistic and interrelated health of the diverse creatures and beings composing a farm, including human beings and the wider, surrounding community. It is not just a "method" but a whole approach to life - one which could have far-reaching benefits for the health of the soil, plants, animals and human beings across the globe…' Born from a series of eight lectures delivered by scientist and philosopher Rudolf Steiner in 1924, the movement for biodynamic agriculture today encompasses many hundreds of farms and millions of consumers worldwide. Much has been written about biodynamics' unique perspectives on farming, nutrition, the world of nature and the wider cosmos. But how does it work in practise? What is it like to run a farm based on its principles? England's Tablehurst and Plaw Hatch farms form a co-operative venture in which the local community plays a crucial role. As successful, commercial enterprises with high outputs, they have a growing reputation for the excellence of their produce. Through interviews, commentary and dozens of full colour photos, Biodynamics in Practise gives a guided tour of the farms from the viewpoint of a sympathetic visitor. It illustrates how biodynamic farms work, how they differ from conventional and organic farms, and why that difference is important. In short and accessible vignettes, the book looks at many aspects of farm life, including animal rearing and welfare - cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry - crop growth, dairy and cheesemaking, and even bee-keeping and caring for people with special needs. It also gives an introduction to biodynamics itself and brief histories of both farms. Farms are sometimes regarded simply as food-producing factories, but this book shows that they can be much more, offering spiritually-sustaining focal points of community cohesion and participation.

Agents and professionalisation : improvement on the Egremont estates c.1770 to c.1860 , by Sarah Ann Webster, 2011 at Nottingham University (Ph.D. thesis)   View Online
Abstract:
This thesis examines aspects of estate improvement on the Egremont estates in Sussex, Yorkshire and Australia between 1770 and 1860. Using the Petworth House Archives and others, it documents large-scale improvement projects, including William Smith's work in mineral prospecting in West Yorkshire, and Colonel Wyndham's land speculation in South Australia. The third Earl of Egremont (1751-1837) himself has received some biographical attention, but this has concentrated to a great extent on his patronage of the arts. This thesis therefore documents a number of important matters for the first time, in particular the detailed work of the middle layer of personnel involved in estate management and improvement. Episodes of 'failure' in estate improvement are also revealing in this study. This thesis contributes to debates regarding the nature of 'improvement' in this period, and most particularly, to understandings of the developing rural professions and to scholarship regarding professionalisation; interpreting key episodes in the archive utilising a 'landscape' approach. It uses the concept of an 'estate landscape' to draw together the dispersed Egremont estates in order to better understand the management structures of these estates, and how they relate to the home estate at Petworth.The thesis examines the relationships between Lord Egremont and the various agents (in the widest sense) who acted on his behalf; the configuration of which agents was different for each of the different estates. It makes a particular contribution to ongoing debates about the formation of the professions in eighteenth and nineteenth-century England in suggesting that despite the contemporary stress on applied agricultural expertise, legal land agents remained more influential than has been supposed. The belated professionalisation of the Petworth agents and the significant differences in their roles when compared with a land agency firm such as Kent, Claridge and Pearce suggests that estate management was far more diverse than has been suggested. Egremont himself emerges from the archive as neither a hands-on agricultural improver nor as an uninterested and neglectful absentee. Instead, I suggest, he acted as co-ordinator and as an impresario amongst the men engaged to act on his behalf, the middle layer of developing rural professionals including agents, surveyors, and engineers. If the literature to date has concentrated on Egremont as patron of art, he emerges from this thesis as a patron of improvement.

Apples and Orchards in Sussex, by Brian Short with Peter May, Gail Vine and Anne-Marie Bur, published 3 September 2012 (230 pp., Action in Rural Sussex, ISBN-10: 1873850239 & ISBN-13: 9781873850237) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/508858] & West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
Apples and Orchards in Sussex came about in response to the current challenges facing people who eat fruit as well as fruit growers - the grubbing up of commercial orchards, the scarcity of heritage varieties of apples associated with Sussex, the domination of imports in shops, and the loss of domestic skills such as cooking with apples. After years of creating community orchards, we wanted to find out more about our fruit-growing past and to look at ways in which people today might contribute to future orchards - both as a treasured landscape feature and as a source of fruit. Prof. Brian Short has trawled the archives of the Kew Gardens, the Royal Horticultural Society and museums to build up a detailed picture of how orchards originally came to England and to Sussex. Oral historians have gathered the stories of people across Sussex with inside knowledge of fruit-growing in our past and present and together we point practical ways to a rich fruit-growing future. Contains the first definitive list and photos of Sussex apple varieties; Illustrations from historic archives; Watercolours by botanical artist Nicky Ashford; Maps of Sussex showing historical orchard distribution; Interviews with growers past and present; Information on where to learn orchard skills and where to buy local fruit and trees; How to contribute to a more durable and nature-friendly fruit-growing future.

The Shepherd of Beachy Head, by Lloyd Brunt and Mary Brunt, published 2014 (booklet no. 45, East Dean & Friston Local History Group) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/507952] & East Dean & Friston Local History Group
The life of a famous East Dean shepherd - Stephen Blackmore

The Hop Bin: An Anthology of Hop Picking in Kent and East Sussex, by Fran & Geoff Doel, published 1 May 2014 (128 pp., The History Press, ISBN-10: 0752493612 & ISBN-13: 9780752493619) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries & East Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
For 400 years Kent and East Sussex were vividly and visibly associated with the cultivation of hops. Fran and Geoff Doel have evoked this bygone world of hopping by gathering together a wide range of social and literary accounts, poems and songs from the Tudor period to the present day, each with a contextual introduction. The selection illustrates both the 'rose-tinted' image and the harsher reality of a distinctive aspect of rural life in the south east.

The Battle of the Fields: rural community and authority in Britain during the Second World War, by Brian Short, published 20 November 2014 (480 pp., Boydell & Brewer, ISBN-10: 1843839377 & ISBN-13: 9781843839378) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries
Abstract:
The Battle of the Fields tells the story of rural community and authority in Britain during the Second World War by looking at the County War Agricultural Executive Committees. From 1939 they were imbued with powers to transform British farming to combat the loss of food imports caused by German naval activity and initial European mainland successes. Their powers were sweeping and draconian. When fully exercised against recalcitrant farmers, dispossession in part or whole could and did result. This book includes the most detailed analysis of these dispossessions including the tragic case of Ray Walden, the Hampshire farmer who was killed by police after refusing to leave his farmhouse in 1940. The committees were deemed successful by Whitehall as harbingers of modernity: mechanization, draining, artificial fertilizers, reclamation of heaths, marshes and woodlands. We now deplore some of these changes but Britain did not starve, in large part thanks to their efforts. This book will appeal not only to historians and geographers, but to many who maintain a deep interest in the British countryside and its past, and tothose who continue to share a fascination for the Second World War, in particular the "home front". It will also demonstrate to all who are anxious about food security in the modern age how this question was dealt with 70 years ago.

Madamses Farm: A History: Seven Centuries in Ewhurst, East Sussex, by Derek C. N. Salmon, published 2015 (165 pp., Salmon Publishing, ISBN-10: 1846404681 & ISBN-13: 9781846404689) accessible at: The Keep [LIB/509025]

The Farmer's World: Richard Jefferies' Agricultural Journalism in the Late 1870s , by Richard Jefferies and introduced by Eric Jones, published 1 February 2016 (286 pp., Petton Books, ISBN-10: 0956375162 & ISBN-13: 9780956375162) accessible at: West Sussex Libraries

Agriculture and Industry in South-Eastern Roman Britain, edited by David Bird, published 31 December 2016 (368 pp., Oxbow Books, ISBN-10: 1785703196 & ISBN-13: 9781785703195)
Abstract:
The ancient counties surrounding the Weald in the SE corner of England have a strongly marked character of their own that has survived remarkably well in the face of ever-increasing population pressure. The area is, however, comparatively neglected in discussion of Roman Britain, where it is often subsumed into a generalised treatment of the ?civilian' part of Britannia that is based largely on other parts of the country. This book aims to redress the balance.
The focus is particularly on Kent, Surrey and Sussex account is taken of information from neighbouring counties, particularly when the difficult subsoils affect the availability of evidence. An overview of the environment and a consideration of themes relevant to the South-East as a whole accompany 14 papers covering the topics of rural settlement in each county, crops, querns and millstones, animal exploitation, salt production, leatherworking, the working of bone and similar materials, the production of iron and iron objects, non-ferrous metalworking, pottery production and the supply of tile to Roman London. Agriculture and industry provides an up-to-date assessment of our knowledge of the southern hinterland of Roman London and an area that was particularly open to influences from the Continent.

Notes on Early Agriculture in Warnham, by R. A. Villiers, published (no date) (contribution no. 11, 4 pp., Warnham Historical Society) accessible at: Warnham Historical Society   Download PDF

Some Recollections on Farming in Warnham 1850-1950, by Richard Wilks, published (no date) (contribution no. 12, 9 pp., Warnham Historical Society) accessible at: Warnham Historical Society   Download PDF